Starting Your Research Anthropology 108: Cultures of Latin America Library Instruction fall 2007 Mary S. Woodley 818-677-6302 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org http://library.csun.edu/mwoodley/anthro108.ppt
What is the assignment? Paper, Presentation, Annotated Bibliography? Due date – when is the last date for ILL? Types of publications? Citation Style? http://library.csun.edu/Find_Resources/e-books/estylegd.html AAA Style Guide http://www.aaanet.org/pubs/style_guide.htm
Why Cite? Avoid Plagiarism -- To plagiarize means to: Steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own; Use (another's production) without crediting the source; Commit literary theft; Present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source. (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary definition of "plagiarize," retrieved June 20, 2005)plagiarize http://library.csun.edu/Research_Assistance/plagiarism.html
Basic Search Strategies: Sources Available Do you need an overview? Try an encyclopedia, handbook or dictionary for names of cultural groups and basic information Does your topic cover recent events or research? Newspapers, magazines, journals or the Internet are the best sources. Do you need current, general information? Try a popular magazine. Do you need current, in depth information? Try a scholarly journal. Do you need something more detailed? Try a book on the subject
Basic Search Strategies: Words to Search by Jargon Keyword Controlled vocabulary – Subject words/phrases
Basic Search Strategies: Putting concepts together Boolean operator and Venn diagrams serve as a visual expression of the Boolean operations Yanomamo Indians Food Sharing
Basic Search Strategies: Putting concepts together Boolean operator or Shining Path Sendero Luminoso (Guerrilla group )
Basic Search Strategies: Putting concepts together Boolean operator not Indians altruism potlatch and not
Truncation Symbol used at the end of a word to retrieve variant endings of that word. Allows you to search the "root" form of a word with all its different endings. Broadens or increases search results. Truncation = OR Example: teen* retrieves teen OR teens OR teenager OR teenagers However: cat* retrieves cat, cats, but also cataclysm, catacomb, catalepsy, catalog, etc. Use OR instead to maintain meaning: cat or cats
Need a book? 1. Search the Library's online catalog. Try searching using the keyword search. 2. Write down the floor location of the book and the call number where the book will be found on the shelf
Need an article? Popular magazines Trade publications Scholarly publications All three may be available in print or online or both Exercise
Types of Periodicals Scholarly Journals Authors are authorities in their fields. Authors cite their sources in endnotes, footnotes, or bibliographies. Individual issues have little or no advertising. Illustrations usually take the form of charts and graphs.
Types of Periodicals: Scholarly Journals Articles must go through a peer-review or refereed process. Scholarly/academic articles that are read by academic or scholar "referees" for advice and evaluation of content when submitted for publication. Referees recommend to the editor/editorial board whether the article should be published as is, revised, or rejected. Also sometimes know as "peer-reviewed" articles. Articles are usually reports on scholarly research. Articles use jargon of the discipline.
Popular Magazines and Newpapers Authors are magazine staff members or free lance writers. Authors often mention sources, but rarely formally cite them in bibliographies. Individual issues contain numerous advertisements. There is no peer review process. Articles are meant to inform and entertain. Illustrations may be numerous and colorful. Language is geared to the general adult audience (no specialized knowledge of jargon needed).
Internet Resources vs. Surfing the Web Internet Resources include: Internet accessible databases and journals Use a Web interface Usually require subscription Exception: ERIC Wizard Equivalent to print indexes and journals Authoritative and reliable Surfing the Web: Use free search engines E.G.: Yahoo, Google, HotBot Critical evaluation required Anyone can put up a Web page! Evaluating Web pages (http://library.csun.edu/mwoodley/Webeval.html) Evaluating Web pageshttp://library.csun.edu/mwoodley/Webeval.html
Evaluating Print & Electronic Resources Types of Web Sites: the url is a key.gov.edu.org.com Authority Content & Coverage Timeliness Accuracy Objectivity World Wide Web sites come in many sizes and styles. How do you distinguish a site that gives reliable information from one that gives incorrect information? Below are some guidelines to help.guidelines