Starting Your Research Anthropology 315 Library Instruction Mary Woodley 818-677-6302 firstname.lastname@example.org Spring 2007 http://library.csun.edu/mwoodley/anthro315.ppt
What is the assignment? Paper, Presentation, Annotated Bibliography? Due date – when is the last date for ILL? Citation Style? AAA Style Guide http://www.aaanet.org/pubs/style_guide.htm Types of publications?
Basic Search Strategies: Sources Available Does your topic cover recent events or research? Newspapers, magazines, journals or the Internet are the best sources. Do you need current, general information? Try a popular magazine. Do you need current, in depth information? Try a scholarly journal. Do you need something more detailed? Try a book on the subject Do you need an overview? Try an encyclopedia, handbook or dictionary
Basic Search Strategies: Words to Search by Jargon Keyword Controlled vocabulary – Subject words/phrases
Basic Search Strategies: Putting concepts together Boolean operator and Venn diagrams serve as a visual expression of the Boolean operations Market Economy Women
Basic Search Strategies: Putting concepts together Boolean operator or Day All Saints' Day All Souls’ Day
Basic Search Strategies: Putting concepts together Boolean operator not Micro-credit Loans Child labor and not
Truncation Symbol used at the end of a word to retrieve variant endings of that word. Allows you to search the "root" form of a word with all its different endings. Broadens or increases search results. Truncation = OR Example: teen* retrieves teen OR teens OR teenager OR teenagers However: child* retrieves child, children, but also childbirth, childish, childcare, childbearing, etc.
Wildcards Some databases allow for wildcards to be embedded within a word to replace a single character. For example: comp???tion retrieves composition, competition, computation, etc. wom?n retrieves woman, women
Need a book? 1. Search the Library's online catalog. Try searching using the keyword search. 2. Write down the floor location of the book and the call number where the book will be found on the shelf
Need an article? Popular magazines Trade publications Scholarly publications All three may be available in print or online or both
Popular Magazines and Newpapers Authors are magazine staff members or free lance writers. Authors often mention sources, but rarely formally cite them in bibliographies. Individual issues contain numerous advertisements. There is no peer review process. Articles are meant to inform and entertain. Illustrations may be numerous and colorful. Language is geared to the general adult audience (no specialized knowledge of jargon needed).
Types of Periodicals Scholarly Journals Authors are authorities in their fields. Authors cite their sources in endnotes, footnotes, or bibliographies. Individual issues have little or no advertising. Illustrations usually take the form of charts and graphs.
Types of Periodicals: Scholarly Journals Articles must go through a peer-review or refereed process. Scholarly/academic articles that are read by academic or scholar "referees" for advice and evaluation of content when submitted for publication. Referees recommend to the editor/editorial board whether the article should be published as is, revised, or rejected. Also sometimes know as "peer-reviewed" articles. Articles are usually reports on scholarly research. Articles use jargon of the discipline.
Internet Resources vs. Surfing the Web Internet Resources include: Internet accessible databases and journals Use a Web interface Usually require subscription Exception: ERIC Wizard Equivalent to print indexes and journals Authoritative and reliable Surfing the Web: Use free search engines E.G.: Yahoo, Google, HotBot Critical evaluation required Anyone can put up a Web page! Evaluating Web pages (http://library.csun.edu/mwoodley/Webeval.html) Evaluating Web pageshttp://library.csun.edu/mwoodley/Webeval.html
Evaluating Internet Resources Types of Web Sites: the url is a key.gov.edu.org.com Authority Content & Coverage Timeliness Accuracy Objectivity World Wide Web sites come in many sizes and styles. How do you distinguish a site that gives reliable information from one that gives incorrect information? Below are some guidelines to help.guidelines