Presentation on theme: "Africa Before European Exploration"— Presentation transcript:
1 Africa Before European Exploration Lecture NotesAfrica Before European Exploration
2 GPS SSWH6The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before 1800 CE.b. Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai); include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.c. Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities.e. Analyze the role of geography and the distribution of resources played in the development of trans-Saharan trading networks.
3 ROLE OF GEOGRAPHY Africa is symmetrical Geographic features impede Africa’s ability to connectSaharaRain ForestNile RiverAnalyze the role of geography and the distribution of resources played in the development of trans-Saharan trading networks.
8 Trading NetworksTrans-Saharan Trade describes the trade between the Mediterranean region across the Sahara Desert to West AfricaTrade was conducted by a Islamic traders in a caravan of camels whose average size consisted of at least 1000 camels.Gold and Salt were the main trade items.Approximately many as nine million African slaves were sent along the trans-Saharan caravan route.The trans-sahara trade was used primarily to trade gold, ivory, spices, wheat, animals, and plants. The port city of Carthage became a hub for west African gold, ivory, and slaves. West Africa received salt, cloth, beads, and metal goods in return. Mediterranean economies were short of gold but could supply salt, whereas West African countries had plenty of gold but needed salt.Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities.
12 3 Ancient Empires (West Africa) 3 major Empires (all wealth based on trans-saharan trade)GhanaMaliFirst Emperor: SUNDIATA aka LION KING of MALIConverts his people to ISLAMWealth based on GOLDDescendent: MANSA MUSAEstablishes many trading posts and the great city of TIMBUKTU- SONGHAI