2 Document 1 (Machiavelli) Question: According to Machiavelli, what type of ruler must the prince be? Why is it necessary for him to rule in this manner?Answer: Rulers need to be strict and to be feared because people in general are untrustworthy. People should fear rather than love their ruler in order to maintain control
3 Document 2 (King James I) Question: What type of government does King James describe? Why does he believe it should be organized in this way?Answer: Absolute Monarchy. King James I believes in the divine right to rule of kings. He feels he is God’s representative on Earth, and there are no limitations to his power.
4 Document 3 (King Louis XIV) Question: What type of government does King Louis describe? Why does he recommend this type of government?Answer: Absolute Monarchy. He recommends this because it is easier for 1 person to rule and make decisions. It is in the best interest of the state for the king to have all the power.
5 Document 4 (Voltaire)Question: What type of government does Voltaire recommend? What specific freedom does he feel is essential?Answer: Democracy. Freedom of Speech is essential.
6 Document 5 (Locke)Question: Why is government established, according to Locke? What type of government does Locke describe? Under what circumstances can the people revolt?Answer: Governments are established to protect people’s natural rights(life, liberty, property). He describes a Democracy. People can revolt if the government is taking away/not protecting their natural rights.
7 Document 6 (Montesquieu) Question: What type of government does Montesquieu describe? Why does he believe it should be organized in this way?Answer: Democracy. He stresses the importance of dividing power so that no one branch or person has all the power(absolute monarchy). He created the idea of “checks and balances” and branches of government.
8 Final QuestionWhat form of government was most effective—democracy or absolutism—for the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Europe?Must use at least 3 documentsParagraph formYou may incorporate outside information
9 Thesis Writing Your argument/answer to the question Must be clear, concise, and well writtenWrite your thesis now-be prepared to share
10 Outline Writing Introduction Body Paragraph One Body Paragraph Two Attention grabberThesisbridgeBody Paragraph OneTopic SentenceDocuments?Body Paragraph TwoBody Paragraph ThreeConclusionRestate thesis