Presentation on theme: "There is one thing that ALL of you wanted/ want/ or will be wanting this school year. Follow the directions on the “Bell Ringer” section of the handout."— Presentation transcript:
There is one thing that ALL of you wanted/ want/ or will be wanting this school year. Follow the directions on the “Bell Ringer” section of the handout.
Rhetoric Rhetoric (n) – 1. the art of speaking or writing effectively 2. using speech or writing to persuade
Aristotle Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, described three main forms of rhetoric: Ethos Logos Pathos
Ethos = Ethics Refers to the trustworthiness of the speaker/writer. The speaker must establish moral credibility and expertise in his or her field in the minds of the audience Ethos
We tend to believe people… we like we respect we think are worth listening to Endorsements – Celebrities – Public Figures – Institutions
Logos Logos = logic An “if…then…” argument Logos refers to any attempt to appeal to the intellect. The audience relies on reasoning and facts to make its decision. Numbers, polls and statistics are also examples of the persuasive use of logic.
Logos Logos is appeal based on logic or reason. Strong arguments are based on… ReasonsStatistics EvidenceHistory Logic Reasoning Facts Common Sense
Pathos Pathos = pity (emotion) Accept a claim based on how it makes you feel without fully analyzing the rationale behind the claim May persuade you with fear, love, patriotism, guilt, hate or joy
Pathos Pathos is appeal based on emotion. Our decisions are often swayed by… insecurityexcitementpain sympathyfearsadness envypityimagination storiesridiculehumor beliefsjoyanger
Each small group will be a different superhero. The earth is in danger and I must choose one superhero to defend mankind as we know it. Using logos, pathos, and ethos, your group must convince me that your superhero deserves the honor of saving the world. (5 of each)