3 The -ing forms/ to-infinitive/ infinitive without to
4 The -ing forms are used: as a noun:Exercising is good for your health.Физические упражнения полезны для твоего здоровья.Reading is my favorite free-time activity.Мое любимое времяпрепровождение- чтение.after the verbs:love dislikelike hateenjoyprefer
5 The -ing forms are used: after the verbs: admit appreciate avoid You should avoid eating junk food. consider continue Continue reading , please! deny fancy imagine mind I don`t mind working in the garden!
6 after expressions: be busy it`s no good it`s worth The film is cool after expressions: be busy it`s no good it`s worth The film is cool! It`s worth watching! what`s the use of there`s no point in can`t stand I can`t stand his talking all the time! can`t help have difficulty in
7 The -ing forms are used: after the verbs: spend He spends hours playing computer games. waste lose after prepositions: think of apologise for He apologised for being late. object to look forward to I`m looking forward to visiting Paris. be used to
8 I saw Paul waiting for the bus. I didn`t see Paul get on the bus. After:The -ing formsThe Infinitive without tohearlisten tonoticeseewatchfeelaction is uncompleted( in process)I saw Paul waiting for the bus.( Paul is at the bus station, you see him)action is completedI didn`t see Paul get on the bus.(Paul `s gone.You can`t see him)
9 The to-Infinitive is used: to express purpose( why?): She went to the shop ( why?) to buy some cheese. after the verbs: agree appear decide I decided to enter the university. expect I expect you to come. hope plan promise want
10 The to-Infinitive is used: after the verbs: would like would love I`d love to come to your party. would prefer after adjectives( feelings/emotions; willingness/unwillingness) happy sad I was sad to hear you were not feeling well. eager willing glad
11 The to-Infinitive is used: in constructions : it+ be + adjective/noun + toV It was kind of you to help me with the report. be + first /second /next….+ toV She was the first person to call me on my birthday. too / enough + toV She`s old enough to watch the film.
12 The Infinitive without to is used: after modal verbs: can should must You must do home work! after verbs: had better You`d better put a jacket on. would rather
13 The work is prepared byParoshina Nastya, 9-V form