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Presentation on theme: "INFINITIVE vs. –ING forms"— Presentation transcript:

1 INFINITIVE vs. –ING forms

2 INFINITIVE To express purpose: She went to the bank to get money.

3 INFINITIVE After certain verbs: advise, agree, decide, hope, promise, refuse, seem, want etc. She decided to wait for a better offer.

4 INFINITIVE After verbs like know, decide, ask, learn, remember followed by WH- words: I can’t decide where to go on holiday.

5 INFINITIVE After adjectives like: sorry, happy, glad, afraid, ashamed etc. She was glad to be back.

6 INFINITIVE After too and enough: She is too sad to talk right now.
She was frightened enough to keep silent.

7 -ING form As a noun: Swimming is a pleasant activity.

8 -ING form After certain prepositions: with, without, of
She left without saying a word.

9 -ING form After certain verbs: consider, avoid, deny, look forward to, involve, mention, risk, mind, regret, admit, suggest, imagine etc. They avoided speaking to each other all day long.

10 -ING form After go for activities: They went camping.

11 -ING form After: it’s no use, it’s (not) worth, it’s no good, be busy, there’s no point in, can’t help, can’t stand, be/get used to, have difficulty in I can’t stand waiting in a queue.

12 -ING form After: like, love, enjoy, hate, dislike, prefer etc
She likes going for long walks.

13 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
NO change in meaning begin, start, continue, allow, permit, recommend, need, require They began to speak / speaking in a lower voice. They don’t allow parking / us to park here.

14 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
b) With a change in meaning like + infinitive = preference like+ -ing = enjoy I like to keep my room clean. I like swimming.

15 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
stop + infinitive = cease an activity in order to do something else stop + -ing = cease / interrupt an activity They stopped to greet each other. They stopped laughing because they were too loud.

16 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
try + infinitive =make an attempt try + -ing = try as a solution I tried to speak louder, but I failed. I tried speaking English to him because he didn’t understand my language.

17 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
remember + infinitive = remember to do an activity remember + -ing form = remember already performing an activity I must remember to water the plants. Ok, I now remember watering the plants.

18 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
forget + infinitive = not doing an activity forget + -ing = activity is done and forgotten about I forgot to tell her to water the plants. I forgot telling her to water the plants, so I did it again.

19 INFINITIVE or -ING form?
hear / see / watch / listen + -ing = witnessing a performing action I heard him talking on the phone. hear / see / watch / listen + infinitive= witnessing the whole process I heard him talk on the phone.

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