2 I. IntroductionAccording to Cattegno’s conclusion, learning is a process which we initiate by ourselves by using our inner resources to meet the challenge at hand.
3 II. Goals:A. Students should be able to use the language for self-expression.B. Students need to develop their own inner criteria for correctness by each other or themselves without the dependence of the teacher.
4 A. Student-teacher interaction: ‘The teacher works with the student; the student works on the language.’III.Techniques and Principles: teaching should be subordinated to learning
5 1. Teacher’s roles:Start with something the students have already known and build from that to the unknown.As a technician or engineer: The teacher is a silent helper who only gives what help is necessary.Respect the autonomy of the learners in their attempts at relating and interacting with the new challenges.
6 2. Student’s roles: Make use of what they know Free themselves of any obstacles that would interfere with giving their utmost attention to the learning taskActively engage in exploring the language.
7 3. Peer correction Students are encouraged to help another student when he or she is experiencing difficulty.
8 4. Self-correction gestures The teacher will use some gestures to direct the students.
9 5. Structured feedbackStudents learn to take responsibility for their own learning by becoming aware of an decontrolling how they use certain learning strategies in class.The teacher accepts the students’ comments in a nondefensive manner.This will give him direction for where to work on next.
11 Rods: Small colored rods of various lengths. Provide visible actions, or situation for any language structure, and introduction, or to enable students to practice using it.The rods are very versatile. They can be used as rods or more abstractly to represent other realities.Encourage students to be creative and imaginative.
12 IV. Possible Problems Inefficiency: Dry Class: The silence of the teacher removes him from the center and the class focuses on developing students’ inner criteria. It may take a lot of time to learn a small unit, therefore, the teacher may not be able to follow the schedule.Dry Class:The class depends on group cooperation and the students need to learn from each other. If the students play a passive role, the class will be dry and unexciting.
13 Thank You for Your Listening! Reference: Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching