2 Power of ChoiceMost of today’s health problems are lifestyle related and preventableLeads to hypokinetic diseasesResult of sedentary lifestyleLeading causes of death: CV disease, cancer, and stroke
3 Exercise is Power We need to be a health prevention society We choose to be a health care societyNo single drug that can positively affect the human body and its health status the way regular exercise can
5 What Is Health? The absence of disease Health is a state of complete physical, emotional, and social health, not merely the freedom from disease and illnessHealth is a personal valueHealth is measurableState of complete health, difficult, if not impossible to attain.
6 Components of Health Physical Health Mental Health Social Health Intellectual HealthSpiritual HealthBalance these and you will have a good state of health3
7 Physical Health Based on biological integrity of the body Physiological and structural characteristics that enable ADLsSusceptibility to diseaseBody weightVisual acuityStrengthCoordinationEnduranceRecovery
8 Mental Health Deal positively with change Handle stresses well Requires exploration of thoughts and feelingsSelf-esteem, self-acceptance, self-confidence, self-control, and self-actualization
9 Social Health Interpersonal relationships Good communication skills Network of caring peopleAvoid negative situations
10 Intellectual HealthAbility to absorb, understand, and utilize informationAbility to think
11 Spiritual Health Belief in a higher power Includes altruistic behaviorsDenotes love, peace, joy (notice absence of anger and tearing down others)Scientific studies show that those with a spiritual component live longer, healthier, happier lives
12 Definition of Wellness A process that will lead to optimal functioningWellness behaviors are observableHealth is a statusWellness is a processInvolves a zest for living14
13 Why Physical Fitness? 40% Americans exercise regularly?? Out of shape and overweight27% do not exercise at all61% are overweight (100 million +)
14 Economic Cost of Hypokinetic Disease More money is spent annually treating heart disease than any other illness.275 billion dollars spent in 1997$37 million per hour$ 617,000 per minute52
15 Hypokinetic Diseases Pose a Real Threat To Our Nation A result of lifestyle choices.Lifestyle choices account for 52% of the deaths in our nationLifestyle choices have the greatest effect on the health of our nation.
16 Top Three Causes of Death Annually Tobacco400,000Physical Inactivity/Diet300,000Alcohol100,000
17 US Surgeon General’s Report “Regular moderate physical activity provides substantial benefits in health and well-being for the vast majority; preventing premature death, unnecessary illness, and disability. Lack of regular physical activity is a serious threat to the health of our nation.”56
18 Physical FitnessThe capacity to adapt and respond favorably to physical effort.The ability to engage in daily living activities without undue fatigue.Activity must be regular to maintain fitness levelsPhysical activity vs. physical exercise59
19 Benefits of Being Physically Fit Lowers risk of chronic diseases and illness (CAD, cancer, strokes)Decreases mortality rate from chronic diseasesImproves QUALITY of lifeImproves posture and appearanceRegulates and improves all body functionsHypertrophy (size, strength, power)60
20 Benefits Cont’d Develops greater lean body mass Increases size and strength of the heartIncreases vascular systemIncreases blood volumeLowers resting heart rateLowers blood pressureHelps prevent Type II Diabetes
21 Benefits Cont’d Helps sleeping patterns Prevents chronic back pain Reduces anxiety / stressExtends LONGEVITYReverses the aging processChronological age vs. functional ageMotivates positive lifestyle changesHelps control weight
22 Economic Benefits of Being Physically Fit Lower medical costs (fewer insurance claims)Increased job productivityDecreased absenteeism , depression, and job turnoverPrevention of disability61
23 If exercise could be packaged into a pill, it would be the most widely prescribed drug in the history of mankind.
24 Medical History Helps identify potential problems Should be incorporated with a thorough physical examLab 1ESelf-assessment: Lab 1D
25 Consents Lab 1A: Participate in physical activity Lab 1B: Participate in fitness evaluations