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Chapter 1: Concepts of Health and Wellness

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1 Chapter 1: Concepts of Health and Wellness

2 Power of Choice Most of today’s health problems are lifestyle related and preventable Leads to hypokinetic diseases Result of sedentary lifestyle Leading causes of death: CV disease, cancer, and stroke

3 Exercise is Power We need to be a health prevention society
We choose to be a health care society No single drug that can positively affect the human body and its health status the way regular exercise can

4 Hypokinetic Diseases Coronary Artery Disease Hypertension Obesity
Osteoporosis Maturity Onset Diabetes Ulcers Stress Low Back Pain

5 What Is Health? The absence of disease
Health is a state of complete physical, emotional, and social health, not merely the freedom from disease and illness Health is a personal value Health is measurable State of complete health, difficult, if not impossible to attain.

6 Components of Health Physical Health Mental Health Social Health
Intellectual Health Spiritual Health Balance these and you will have a good state of health 3

7 Physical Health Based on biological integrity of the body
Physiological and structural characteristics that enable ADLs Susceptibility to disease Body weight Visual acuity Strength Coordination Endurance Recovery

8 Mental Health Deal positively with change Handle stresses well
Requires exploration of thoughts and feelings Self-esteem, self-acceptance, self-confidence, self-control, and self-actualization

9 Social Health Interpersonal relationships Good communication skills
Network of caring people Avoid negative situations

10 Intellectual Health Ability to absorb, understand, and utilize information Ability to think

11 Spiritual Health Belief in a higher power
Includes altruistic behaviors Denotes love, peace, joy (notice absence of anger and tearing down others) Scientific studies show that those with a spiritual component live longer, healthier, happier lives

12 Definition of Wellness
A process that will lead to optimal functioning Wellness behaviors are observable Health is a status Wellness is a process Involves a zest for living 14

13 Why Physical Fitness? 40% Americans exercise regularly??
Out of shape and overweight 27% do not exercise at all 61% are overweight (100 million +)

14 Economic Cost of Hypokinetic Disease
More money is spent annually treating heart disease than any other illness. 275 billion dollars spent in 1997 $37 million per hour $ 617,000 per minute 52

15 Hypokinetic Diseases Pose a Real Threat To Our Nation
A result of lifestyle choices. Lifestyle choices account for 52% of the deaths in our nation Lifestyle choices have the greatest effect on the health of our nation.

16 Top Three Causes of Death Annually
Tobacco 400,000 Physical Inactivity/Diet 300,000 Alcohol 100,000

17 US Surgeon General’s Report
“Regular moderate physical activity provides substantial benefits in health and well-being for the vast majority; preventing premature death, unnecessary illness, and disability. Lack of regular physical activity is a serious threat to the health of our nation.” 56

18 Physical Fitness The capacity to adapt and respond favorably to physical effort. The ability to engage in daily living activities without undue fatigue. Activity must be regular to maintain fitness levels Physical activity vs. physical exercise 59

19 Benefits of Being Physically Fit
Lowers risk of chronic diseases and illness (CAD, cancer, strokes) Decreases mortality rate from chronic diseases Improves QUALITY of life Improves posture and appearance Regulates and improves all body functions Hypertrophy (size, strength, power) 60

20 Benefits Cont’d Develops greater lean body mass
Increases size and strength of the heart Increases vascular system Increases blood volume Lowers resting heart rate Lowers blood pressure Helps prevent Type II Diabetes

21 Benefits Cont’d Helps sleeping patterns Prevents chronic back pain
Reduces anxiety / stress Extends LONGEVITY Reverses the aging process Chronological age vs. functional age Motivates positive lifestyle changes Helps control weight

22 Economic Benefits of Being Physically Fit
Lower medical costs (fewer insurance claims) Increased job productivity Decreased absenteeism , depression, and job turnover Prevention of disability 61

23 If exercise could be packaged into a pill, it would be the most widely prescribed drug in the history of mankind.

24 Medical History Helps identify potential problems
Should be incorporated with a thorough physical exam Lab 1E Self-assessment: Lab 1D

25 Consents Lab 1A: Participate in physical activity
Lab 1B: Participate in fitness evaluations

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