2 Overview What is PTSD? Signs and Symptoms Treatment Statistics CommunicationSummary
3 What causes PTSD? Child Abuse or Domestic Abuse Violent Attacks DisastersAccidentsMilitary Combat- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to one or more terrifying events in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. It is a severe and ongoing emotional reaction to an extreme psychological trauma. (-Provide information to the public to create awareness around PTSDViolent attacks: rape, robbery, bullying
4 Signs of PTSD Easily Startled Nightmares Difficulty Concentrating Difficulty SleepingFeelings of Emotional NumbnessLess Interest in Usual Activities
5 Treatment of PTSD Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)MedicationsCBT: therapist helps you understand and change how you think about your trauma and its aftermathExposure Therapy: your goal is to have less fear about your memoriesEMDR: New kind of therapy; While talking about your memories, you'll focus on distractions like eye movements, hand taps, and sounds. For example, your therapist will move his or her hand near your face, and you'll follow this movement with your eyes.Medications: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a type of antidepressant medicine. These can help you feel less sad and worried. They appear to be helpful, and for some people they are very effective. SSRIs include citalopram (Celexa), fluoxetine (such as Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and sertraline (Zoloft).
6 Statistics World War II Korea Vietnam Afghanistan Iraq WWII: 1 out of 20Korea: as many as 30%Vietnam: 15.2% of all males; 8.1 % of women; 161,000 veterans are receiving disability compensationAfghanistan: 18% suffer from a psychological disorder appox. 183 w/ PTSDIraq: 20% psycological disorder; appox. 12,500 veterans are receiving treatment for PTSD alone; 8-10% of women suffer from PTSD that served in Iraq(
7 Communication Keeping silent in a war zone is a common practice Talking to friends, family, therapist, writingSelf talkTaking a communication class; reading the same book at the same time with some one you care about