Computing Components 01/26/11. Announcements & Reminders Programs 1 due Friday, 9/2/11 What is my late policy? Proxy Codes for Labs You should be able.
Published byModified over 7 years ago
Presentation on theme: "Computing Components 01/26/11. Announcements & Reminders Programs 1 due Friday, 9/2/11 What is my late policy? Proxy Codes for Labs You should be able."— Presentation transcript:
CPU Central Processing Unit “Brain” of computer Has Control Unit Decodes instructions Sends signals to rest of System ALU, Arithmetic and Logic Unit Add, Subtract, Compare Registers High speed memory locations inside CPU
Memory Integrated circuit chips Used to store data and instructions
Memory Stored as ones and zeroes 0011 0100 Bit – binary digit Byte – eight bits, a character Word – 16, 32, 64 bits.
Memory Address Binary number that tells where something is stored. Contents Data contained at that address.
Secondary Storage What happens to data in memory when you turn off the machine? What are examples of long term storage devices Thumb drive Hard Drive Tapes
Input/Output Input Allows information to be sent to the computer Keyboard, Scanner, Mouse, Microphone Output Allows user to receive information from the computer. Monitor, Printer, Speaker
Relationship of Parts Sketch of System Instruction Cycle
How does CPU know what to do? Software – programs. Operating System Controls interaction of hardware. e.g. print, copy Application Software Solve real world problem e.g. add interest to a bank account
Languages Machine code Binary code 1110 0101 Specific to CPU Assembly Language Mnemonic code High Level Language Machine independent C/C++, Java, FORTRAN
Compiler Translates H.L. to M.L. Source File --> Object File C++ Text File --> Binary
Other Software Linker Resolves cross references, e.g. Creates executable file Loader Copies executable file to memory Starts execution
Quiz Monday, 1/31/11 On your own p. 24 #1-8, 13, 14, 16 Odd answers in text Define Memory address Memory contents Machine language