Presentation on theme: "Ocean Observing and Forecasting Companies"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ocean Observing and Forecasting Companies Dr Ralph Rayner
2 Background 25 years in commercial operational oceanography Work in the oceanographic business line of the Fugro Group (earth sciences consultancy – approx 10,000 staff)Member of IOC GSC for past 6 yearsMember of exec board of MERSEA (GMES)
3 Outline Introduction The role of private companies Examples of private company products, systems and servicesThe future
5 Maury and the Brussels Conference of 1853 Through the 1853 conference Maury and others established the basic principles of successful operational marine meteorology and oceanographyCommon standards/formats for data collectionCommon standards of data quality control and analysisFree and open exchange of data for public good
6 Role of industryIn Maury’s time there was no significant supporting industry sectorA thriving marine meteorology industry sector only developed after public good marine meteorology became establishedFor the emerging field of operational oceanography industry capability is developing alongside, and in some cases, ahead of public capabilitySo what are the opportunities for private industry providers as global operational oceanography becomes a reality through GOOS?
7 DriversThe principal drivers for the development of GOOS are public good requirementsThese range from global issues (such as understanding climate change) to local issues (such as forecasting the fate of oil spills)Since Maury’s time these public good drivers for understanding and forecasting the oceans have grown in importanceThese are the key drivers for public investment in global ocean observations and forecasting capability
8 Users and customersTake care with terminology and especially the term ‘user’‘Users’ are those that do something with oceanographic data to give it utility‘Customers’ are those that place a value (not necessarily a cost) on understanding the impact of the ocean environment on their operationsLargest ‘customer’ group by far are governments, they value this understanding in terms of ‘public goods’Secondary customer group is industry, they also use freely available public good data or, where necessary purchase products and information (not data)
9 Commercial opportunities The development of public observing and forecasting capability to meet public good requirements creates many opportunities for commercial companiesFor provision of components of public systemsFor provision of special purpose private observing and forecasting systems linked to public systemsFor creation of value added data products for sale into niche markets
18 Parameters Current speed and direction Gamma radiation Wind speed and directionAir and water temperatureWater salinityCTD profilesAir pressureDissolved oxygenDirectional wavesChlorophyllHydrocarbonsGamma radiationLight attenuationNutrients- (Trace metals)Communication optionsOrbcommArgosUhf/VhfGprsGsmModemTCP/IP NetworkInmarsat
25 The large scale model grid used for providing boundary conditions for the regional North Sea model. Note increased grid resolution in the Gulf Stream extension and the Nordic Seas. The inclusion of theArctic and the South Atlantic is necessary to avoid effects of improper specification of boundary conditions.
26 The ‘branches’Some examples of private value added data products in the Gulf of Mexico
40 The futureIncreased role of private companies in all aspects of public operational oceanographic systemsDevelopments of new value added data products based on public data resourcesIntegration of private observing and forecasting systems into GOOSA win win partnership with concerted advocacy