Assessing the Potential of Energy Efficiency Programmes in South Africa by Modelling Selected Policy Interventions Alison Hughes Energy Research Centre,
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Presentation on theme: "Assessing the Potential of Energy Efficiency Programmes in South Africa by Modelling Selected Policy Interventions Alison Hughes Energy Research Centre,"— Presentation transcript:
Assessing the Potential of Energy Efficiency Programmes in South Africa by Modelling Selected Policy Interventions Alison Hughes Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town South Africa
Contents Overview of Current Demand Government Agenda Model Structure and Methodology Savings and Government targets
Energy intensity high across all sectors and sub sectors Large dependence on Coal Energy efficiency is not a priority
Final energy demand by sector 2003 Final energy use by carrier
Draft energy efficiency strategy Set National and Sector targets for improved energy efficiency Focus on –Fuel poverty –Job creation improve industrial competitiveness –Health –Defer the need for generating capacity –Environment
CABEERE –Capacity development –Research Baselines and benchmarking Policies and measures www.dme.gov.za
Measures considered –Standards and labeling –Free/Susidised audit schemes –Promotion of technologies –Awareness campaigns and green accounting Implementation –3 phases Phase 1 2003 to 2006 Phase 2 2006 to 2010 Phase 3 2010 to 2013
Standards Energy Audits Energy Management Technologies IndustrialBoilers Subsidised Audit Schemes / Awareness and Information Compressed Air Efficient Lighting (Awareness) Insulation Other Maintenance Thermal Measures (Awareness) Electric Motors Green Accounts Variable Speed Drives (Awareness) Commercial Energy Efficiency Standards Audit Scheme for Public and Commercial Buildings Management Systems Efficient Lighting Green Accounts Thermal Measures Residential Energy Efficiency Standards Behaviour Changes Efficient Lighting Labelling
Assessing Potential Methodology –Establish average technical potential for energy saving –Define implementation rates –Estimate effect of the measure –Evaluate impact on energy demand using LEAP –Scenarios Baseline (IEP Baseline) Maximum theoretical impact Likely impact
Rate of change of efficiency dependent on –Potential for efficiency improvement –Anticipated success of measure –Equipment replacement rates –Growth No specific financing Sub sector growth relative to economic or population growth Efficiency Useful energy intensity Final Energy Demand
Modelling Assumptions –The years 2003 to 2013 are evaluated. –Population growth: from 44 million in 2000 at 1.3% (p.a.) to 2010, then 0.87% (p.a.) to 2013 –GDP growth: 2.8% average annual growth over period. –Fuel switching is limited apart from a general increase in electricity consumption in the residential sector, with electrification.
SectorsIndustry –Pulp and Paper –Iron and Steel –Chemicals and Petrochemicals –Food and Tobacco –Non - Metallic Minerals –Other (including textiles) –Non – Ferrous Metals Mining and Quarrying CommerceResidentialTransport Energy demand of sub sectors Thermal heat –Fuel Process demand e.g. Lighting, refrigeration, compressed air etc.
Government targets –National target of energy efficiency improvement of 12% by 2014 –Sector targets Residential Sector 10% Industrial Sector 15% Commercial and Public Buildings 15% Launch Labeling Campaign Monitor and Evaluate Measures