Presentation on theme: "CLIMATE CHANGE AND SME FINANCING 9 – 10 October 2013, Sofia Greenhouse gases emission assessment in SME and Household sectors – current status and tendency."— Presentation transcript:
CLIMATE CHANGE AND SME FINANCING 9 – 10 October 2013, Sofia Greenhouse gases emission assessment in SME and Household sectors – current status and tendency. Sectors targets. The Third national action plan on climate change sector’s measures foreseeing. VLADISLAVA GEORGIEVA
Summaries analysis (reduction and effective conventional fuel and energy consumption) Without additional measures Purposeful policy and activities
Energy efficiency status Mainly because the “financial crisis” Slowly energy efficiency improvement. General energy consumption increase because of road transport share increase Energy consumption increase: larger living area, higher comfort, inefficient energy transformation and final used. Energy consumption decrease with less than 10% and no changes for the last 2 years.
End-use energy consumption Households are the third most important energy consumer.The share of the sector in final energy consumption remains also unchanged at 25-26%. The consumption in the services sector grew by nearly 45%, while the share of the sector in the end-use energy consumption increased with11%.
Energy intensity Services sector is with the lowest energy intensity - 6.4 times lower than that of the industry in 2009, but in the period 2000-2009 the energy intensity of the sector decreased by only 10%, and has remained unchanged over the last two years. The energy consumption by housing increases over the last two years from 0.553 toe/dwelling in 2007 to 0.567 toe/dwelling in 2009, where the growth of electricity consumption is especially rapid. The main factors affecting the growth of energy consumption are: growing size of new homes, higher levels of thermal comfort, of lighting, development of air conditioning and increasing use of household appliances and electronics. A significant barrier to the reduction of end-use energy intensity of households is the low efficiency of electricity generating facilities and the underdeveloped gasification of households.
Energy strategy The target for saving primary energy is set out in the Energy Strategy of Bulgaria until 2020. The target proposed in this document is reduction of the primary energy intensity (PEI) by 50% by 2020 as compared to 2005. The achievement of this target will save 5.8 Mtoe primary energy compared to the baseline scenario of development by 2020. The result achieved so far is reduction of PEI from 0.563 koe/BGN00 in 2005 to 0.429 koe/BGN00 in 2009, or by more than 23%.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MEASURES IN THE PROGRAMME FOR ACCELERATED GASIFICATION (PAG) OF REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA Period: 2013-2020 Targets: 718GWh by 2020год. Effect: over 2000ktСО2eqv. The Energy Strategy of Bulgaria envisages creation of conditions for access to the gas distribution system to 30% of households in 2020 and substitution of electricity used for heating purposes which would save households more than 1 bln. BGN of energy costs. The effect of fuel substitution and the use of natural gas can be divided into direct effect – related to the efficiency of transformation, and additional effect – related to an environmentally cleaner fuel. The direct impact is related to immediate reduction of fuel and energy consumption, with the assumption that the energy consumption is reduced by 15% (pessimistic scenario) over the entire assessed period.
Period: 2015-2020год. Targets: 4562 renovated building by2020 Effect: over 200 000 tСО2eqv. OBLIGATORY RENOVATION OF COMMUNAL, PUBLIC AND STATE BUILDINGS AT THE PERCENTAGE RATE REQUIRED BY THE DIRECTIVE (built up area over 250m2)
INTRODUCTION OF MANDATORY ENERGY EFFICIENCY SCHEME (REDUCTION OF FUEL AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN THE FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION) Period: 2014-2020 Targets: 103,4GWh by 2020год. Effect: over 100 000tСО2eqv. Precondition for achieving the estimated effect are the regulatory changes with the view of introducing a requirement for specific (proportional) annual reduction of the amount of energy provided on the market by distribution companies and traders in energy (end-use consumption). Market mechanisms and incentives to reduce fuel and energy consumption need to be established along with mandatory schemes and market of energy services (market of “white” certificates/ certificates of energy savings). The measure is consistent with the new policy proposed by the EC to improve the energy efficiency in end-use consumption by saving annually fuel and energy equivalent to 1.5% of the energy provided by distribution companies and traders in energy on the market for the previous year (excluding energy in transport). The annual energy savings, respectively obligations, will be constant value (expressed in percentage) until 2020. To introduce such a scheme it is necessary to undertake appropriate legislative changes and to prepare its structure and operation. The responsible persons will be determined in the course of development of the scheme.
REPLACEMENT OF THE OBSOLETE AND INEFFICIENT EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCTION OF ENERGY WITH NEW EQUIPMENT Period: 2014-2020 Targets: 613,1GWh by 2020год. Effect: over 73200tСО2eqv. DEVELOPMENT AND PHASED IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL PROGRAMME “1000 SUNNY ROOFS” Period: 2014 TargetsCommissioning of 1000 heat solar instalation for domestic hot water supply by 2020 Effect: over 107000tСО2eqv. Commissioning of a bivalent system for preparation of hot water for domestic needs - evacuated tube solar collectors and heat pump units (air) for 1000 multi-family buildings (46 apartments, households with 3 members). The effect was evaluated on the basis of electricity, taking into account the consumption of the heat pump units. This program is not laid down in a national strategic document, however it is in line with the national RES policy and encourages the production of heat from RES. 164.9 GWh of electricity can be saved per year (by 2020) as a result of the development and implementation of this programme.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Vladislava Georgieva Т:+359887283723 Е: firstname.lastname@example.org