15 How do ethnic religions diffuse? The same as folk culture: relocation diffusion.
16 Describe the diffusion of Buddhism. 800 BC: Buddhism founded300 BC: Emperor Asoka of India converts to Buddhism.Made Buddhism the official religionMany officials converted as well (hierarchical diffusion)Missionaries sent to convert non-Buddhists.Relocation diffusionMoved along trade routes to China, Japan, Korea, and the rest of SE Asia.
17 What is the most important Buddhist site? Why is it important? Lumbini, It is the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama.
18 Match the house of worship to the religion: ___Cathedral____Christianity___Pagoda_ ___Buddhist____Temple__ _Hindu___Synagogue___Judaism___Mosque_____Islam
19 What are two hierarchical religions? CatholicismLatter-Day Saints
20 What are two religions with local autonomy? IslamProtestant ChristianityHinduismJudaism
21 Name six Protestant denominations in the Fort Worth area (not in book) BaptistLutheranMethodistPresbyterianChurch of ChristAssembly of GodSeventh Day AdventistReformEpiscopalDisciples of Christ
22 How did Communism affect religious life in the Soviet Union and in Southwest Asian countries? Because of the high degree of control that communist government seek to exercise, they are usually hostile to religions and religious expansion.
23 What are the three holiest sites in Islam? MeccaMedinaJerusalem
24 What religion is distributed primarily in India? Hinduism (97% of Hindus live in India)
25 What religion is located in Southwest Asia and North Africa? Islam (Shi’a and Sunni Islam)
26 What religion is dominant in Eastern Europe and Russia? Orthodox Christianity
27 Iran is the only country with a majority of which religious group? Shi’a Islam
28 Catholicism is distributed in which locations? Southern and Western Europe, North and South America.
29 Where is the practice of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism centered? Southeast Asia
33 What three major religions have their hearth in the Middle East?
34 How has the caste system changed in India in recent history? The untouchable caste has officially been abolished, and Indians in that class have been given equal rights with other Indians.
35 Name an example of an Islamic fundamentalist group which has resisted western values. The Taliban in Afghanistan(AKA, the bad guys in the first Iron Man movie)
36 Fill in the religious timeline of Muslim Christian relations: AD: Islam spreads through Middle East, displacing many Christians711: Muslim invasion of Spain732: Islamic army defeated in Europe (modern day France)1099: First Crusade: Catholic army captures Jerusalem1187: Jerusalem captured by Muslim Army1229: Jerusalem retaken by European Christians1244: Jerusalem retaken by Muslims1492: Christians regain control of Spain1453: Constantinople (holiest city in Orthodox Christianity) captured by Muslim Turks
37 This map depicts the diffusion of which major religion? Islam
38 What city is the hearth if this religion, and who is the founder? Meccas, founded by Mohammad
39 How did this religion diffuse? Military conquest (contagious diffusion) into Middle East and North Africa.
40 What earlier religions did this religion displace? Christianity, Judaism.