Presentation on theme: "Diabetes. A disease in which the body produces little or no insulin. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the blood sugar (Glucose) levels in the."— Presentation transcript:
A disease in which the body produces little or no insulin. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the blood sugar (Glucose) levels in the body. Insulin is made in your pancreas and allows the body to use sugar(glucose) from carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy or to store glucose for future use. Insulin helps keep your blood sugar level from getting too high(hyperglycemia) or too low(hypoglecemia)
Type 1: The body produces little or no insulin (autoimmune disease) The immune system attacks and destroys cells that produce insulin. Genetic factors Used to be called Juvenile-onset Need daily injection of insulin and follow a special diet to stay alive Symptoms: Thirst, frequent urination, hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme tiredness
Type 2: The body produces insulin but it can’t be used by the cells Most common type: 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2. Adult onset May go undetected Treated with weight loss, diet, physical activity, and medications. Symptoms: Feeling tired, thirst, infections, slow healing of sores.
Gestational: Occurs during pregnancy Insulin is produced-the body does not respond Usually caused by resistance of the hormones in the placenta. Treated with diet Usually disappears after birth.