Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9: Arabia and Iraq Section 1: Chapter Atlas"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 9: Arabia and Iraq Section 1: Chapter Atlas Southwest AsiaChapter 9: Arabia and IraqSection 1: Chapter Atlas
2 Physical FeaturesArabia, or the Arabian Peninsula, is surrounded on three sides by water.Red SeaGulf of AdenArabian SeaPersian GulfGulf of OmanThese bodies of water are connected to the Indian Ocean
3 Physical FeaturesArabia and Iraq are part of the Asian continent.
4 Physical Features Most of Arabia and Iraq are on the Arabian Plate. plates are blocks of rock and soil
5 Physical FeaturesRivers provide fresh water to a region that is mostly desert.Tigris RiverEuphrates River
6 Physical FeaturesThe pressure from the Arabian Plate pressing against the Eurasian Plate has pushed up rocks to form mountains in northeastern Iraq and in southeastern corner of the Arabian peninsula, in the nation of Oman.
7 Physical FeaturesReading Check Which major rivers flow through Iraq? The Tigris and Euphrates
8 Oil and Gas Riches Fold traps undersea muck formed by decaying sea life which turns into natural gas over time by the heat and pressure from inside the earthturns to oil and natural gas over millions of yearsfossil fuels: oil and gas made by the remains of living things
9 Oil and Gas RichesFold traps have given Saudi Arabia the world’s largest oil reserves and output.
10 Oil and Gas RichesReading Check Where are the largest oil reserves? The largest oil reserves are in Saudi Arabia.
11 Living on OilIraq and most countries in Arabia rely on oil and natural gas to pay for nearly all of their needs.
12 Water plant in Saudi Arabia which turns salt water into usable water. Living on OilThe Importance of OilThe Middle East lacks water.Money from oil and gas sales is used to:build water facilitiespurchase food grown in other regionsWater plant in Saudi Arabia which turns salt water into usable water.
13 Living on Oil The Importance of Oil Arabian countries rely on millions of foreign workers, paid with oil money, to keep their economies running.
14 Living on Oil The Importance of Oil Arabia and Iraq produce more than one fourth of the world’s oil.
15 Living on Oil Oil and the Environment Oil production has affected the region’s environment.Oil spills in the Persian Gulf have killed sea life and polluted shorelines.Production waste creates toxic chemicals that have polluted the soil and Iraq’s rivers.
16 Living on OilReading Check Why is oil so important to Arabia and Iraq? Oil is important to Arabia and Iraq because it is the region’s main natural resource. It pays for foreign workers, and everything else people need, especially water and food.
17 Vast Deserts and Scarce Water The main ecosystems across Arabia and Iraq are desert and desert scrub.deserts have few plants and animalsdesert scrub has some plantsArabian DesertDesert Scrub
18 Vast Deserts and Scarce Water The hills and mountains of northern and eastern Iraq have a moister climate than the rest of the country.
19 Vast Deserts and Scarce Water The mountains of Yemen and Iraq receive enough rainfall to support some farming.Terrace farmingin Yemen
20 Vast Deserts and Scarce Water The driest countries in the region, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates, depend on desalination.the removal of salt from seawaterVideo Link
21 Vast Deserts and Scarce Water Reading Check Which parts of Arabia and Iraq get seasonal precipitation? The mountains of Yemen and Iraq get seasonal precipitation.
22 Population PatternsPeople in Arabia and Iraq cluster where there is water for drinking and cleaning.mountains of Iraq and Yemennear the Tigris and Euphrates rivers of Iraqdesert oases on the Arabian Peninsula
23 Population Patterns Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Except for Yemen, the countries of the region are heavily urbanized.most of the people live in citiesdesalination plants are built near their cities because of scarce water suppliesRiyadh,Saudi Arabia
24 Population PatternsPopulation growth in Arabia and Iraq are some of the highest in the world.result from both migration and high birth ratelocal customs and religious traditions favor large familiesposes challenges for the regionmore jobs, water, education and other services will be needed
25 Population PatternsReading Check Why are populations growing in this region? Arabia and Iraq have high birthrates, partly because local customs and religious traditions practiced in parts of the region encourages large families.
26 A Diverse RegionArab Muslims form a majority in Arabia and Iraq and dominate politics.more than half of the population
27 A Diverse RegionIraq has a large minority of Kurds, who are not Arabs.Most Kurds are Sunni Muslims
28 A Diverse RegionIraqi Kurds suffered brutal treatment under Saddam Hussein.currently have a self-governing area in northern IraqIraqi Kurd PresidentMassoud Barzani
29 A Diverse RegionThe vast majority of the people of Arabia and Iraq follow Islam.Differences in IslamSunnisShiasIbadismMost of the citizens of Bahrain are Shia, but their ruler is Sunni.Sunnis rule Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and YemenShia minorities live in all three of these countries.Differences cause conflict.
30 A Diverse RegionReading Check What are some differences among Muslims in this region? Some Muslims are Sunnis, and some are Shias.
31 Arabia and Iraq The Effect of Physical Geography Fossil Fuel Resourcesplenty of oil and gasOil and Gas Revenueplenty of moneyDesalinationuses oil money to increase water supplies and expand population centersWater Resourcesvery limitedPopulationclustered near water sources