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Physical Landscape and The People

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Presentation on theme: "Physical Landscape and The People"— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Landscape and The People
The Middle East Physical Landscape and The People

2 Physical Middle East Also known as “Southwest Asia”
Sometimes also includes North Africa Islam Arabic language Oil

3 Physical Middle East

4 Physical Middle East A crossroads of civilization
Africa, Asia, and Europe are connected through trade routes Migrating people spread ideas, inventions, etc. Culture originating in the Middle East Iron making Alphabet Judaism, Christianity, Islam

5 Physical Middle East

6 Physical Middle East The Middle East is also important to the world for economic reasons Control of important sea routes Control of large oil reserves

7 Major Regions Five major regions Northern Tier Arabian Peninsula
Fertile Crescent Nile Valley The Maghreb

8 Major Regions Northern Tier Turkey to Iran (pg. 552)
Mountains and plateaus Diverse: Anatolian Plateau in Turkey: fertile soil, large population Iranian Plateau: dry, small population

9 Major Regions Arabian Peninsula Large plateau
Largest country: Saudi Arabia Small population: Lack of water Oasis: fertile desert area that has enough water to support life Large amounts of oil Birthplace of Islam

10 Major Regions Fertile Crescent
Eastern Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf Rich soil, abundant water Major population center Hotspot for early civilizations Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

11 Major Regions Nile Valley
Important historical connections between the people of Egypt and the people of the Fertile Crescent Judaism

12 Climate and Resources Nearly all of the region is desert
Lack of water caused some adaptations Building of irrigation systems Desalination: taking the salt out of sea water to make it drinkable

13 Climate and Resources Oil Most valuable resource in the Middle East
Problem: unevenly distributed


15 The People Ethnic diversity
Arab: anyone whose native language is Arabic Majority of people in Middle East are Arab Turks, Iranians, Kurds

16 The People Religious Diversity Islam is the majority religion
Most Arabs are Muslim Christianity, Judaism Judaism is the most ancient of the three religions from the region

17 Review The Middle East is a crossroads Five Major Regions:
Northern Tier, Arabian Peninsula, Fertile Crescent, Nile Valley, The Maghreb Resources: Oil Vocabulary: Southwest Asia, oasis, desalination, Arab,

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