Presentation on theme: "Southwest Asia Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 Southwest Asia Geography SS7G5: The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia; SS7G7: The student will explain the impact of location, climate, physical characteristics, distribution of natural resources and population distribution on Southwestern Asia; SS7G6: The student will discuss environmental issues across Southwest AsiaSouthwest Asia Geography
2 ELEMENTSLocate on a world and regional political-physical map: Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza StripLocate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and TurkeyExplain how water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impacts irrigation and drinking waterExplain how the distribution of oil has affected the development of Southwest Asia (Middle East).Describe how the deserts and rivers of Southwest Asia (Middle East) have affected the population in terms of where people live, the type of work they do, and how they travel.
3 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONSWhere are the Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip?Where are Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey?How does the distribution of oil affect the development of Southwest Asia (Middle East)?How do the deserts and rivers of Southwest Asia (Middle East) affect the population in terms of where people live, the type of work they do, and how they travel?How do water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impact irrigation and drinking water in Southwest Asia?
4 THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF SOUTHWEST ASIA Southwest Asia lies between Eastern Asia, Africa and EuropeSW Asia contains many key physical features:RiversTigris River and Euphrates RiverJordan RiverBodies of WaterSuez CanalPersian GulfStrait of HormuzArabian SeaRed SeaLandformsGaza Strip
5 KEY COUNTRIES OF SW ASIA AfghanistanIranIraqIsraelSaudi ArabiaTurkeyOther countries include Kuwait, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Bahrain, Palestine, Yemen, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates
7 WATER POLLUTION AND IRRIGATION Water is a very scarce resource in SW AsiaLack of fresh water for citizensLeads to an unequal distribution of waterCountries fight over water boundariesCountries have agreements for water called water rightsWater supplied by Tigris, Euphrates and Nile riversTo get water, citizens practice desalinationRemoving the salt from water for drinking and farmingIrrigation is also practiced, which is purifying water to use for farmingWater pollution is a serious issueCountries pollute water through war damaged facilities, petroleum drilling, open sewers and oil spillsWATER POLLUTION AND IRRIGATION
8 THE PROBLEM OF OIL DISTRIBUTION Most of the people in SW Asia stay near some source of oil, the major resource in the regionCountries of Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran contain the most oil reservesOil is a major cause of water pollution, but also provides most of the money to the region’s economyOil is unevenly distributed throughout the regionIraq and Iran have fought wars over the money oil bringsTurkey trades their oil with Europe, while Afghanistan looks to trade oil with Central Asia
10 LIFE IN THE DESERTDesert covers most of the 2.8 million square miles in Southwest AsiaSome people live as nomads in the desert and travelNomads are those who move from place to place and do not permanently settleThey move to follow work near the citiesThey must move because of little to no resources in the desert
12 LIFE NEAR THE RIVERS Many cities in SW Asia are built near rivers Allows for goods to be transported in and out and to be near water for farmingMost of the areas are populated heavilyTigris and Euphrates Rivers contain the Fertile CrescentA very rich and useful soil areaCanals are built here for irrigationPort CitiesThe area’s population grows near port citiesPorts are harbors near rivers where ships come to load and unloadCities are hotspots for job opportunitiesPort cities are located in Turkey and Saudi Arabia
14 MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION There are many means of transportation in SW AsiaCarsMost people do not have cars, but those that do face traffic issues and air pollutionPublic transportation is also a major weaknessRailroadsVery little tracks run through the regionAirplanesTurkey has the most airports, with 127Others walk, take camels, or ride on top and inside buses