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Published byNorah Barber Modified over 7 years ago
Nature vs. Nurture
Hair Color Health Gender Personality Physical Strength Eye Color
In a large group, students will verbally define hereditary and environmentally affected characteristics and provide an example of each with 100% accuracy. Given a worksheet students will be able to identify in writing the Nativism and Sociocultural Theories and the importance of twin studies with 90% accuracy.
The passing of traits from parent to offspring through genes. Almost all developmental characteristics are affected somewhat by genetics. Examples: ◦ Eye color and hair color, ◦ temperaments: calm or irritable disposition, cautious or adventurous, cheerful or fearful
The idea that the environment affects the characteristics of a person, traits are not all due to genetics. Environment includes: ◦ Physical surroundings, culture and society Example: ◦ Poor nutrition at a young age hampers brain development. ◦ Introverted or extroverted – some culture value children’s input others think children should listen and not talk.
Heredity (Nature) ◦ Nativism Theory behaviors are biologically built in. Some occur right away others, like walking, develop over time. Some skills and knowledge, or the basic concepts that they start from, are built in at birth. Environment (Nurture) ◦ Sociocultural Theory Social interaction and cultural background direct development. Parent, teacher, friends pass culturally accepted ideas and practices that a person adopt as their own.
Scientists can study how big a role genes actually play in a person’s physical and mental characteristics. As shown, even identical twins differ in characteristics affected largely by genetics. Proof that both heredity and environment impact a person’s characteristics
Nature vs. Nurture is an ongoing debate. ◦ Most research suggests that heredity and environment interact with each other, making it impossible to distinguish their effects without one or the other.
Hereditary ◦ No single IQ gene. ◦ Can inherit characteristics that affect intellectual abilities. Environment ◦ Poor nutrition or alcohol abuse during pregnancy lowers IQ scores. ◦ Moving children from impoverished home to a more nurturing one increases IQ.
Because of genetic tendencies and environmental surroundings, each student favors a slightly different environment to learn best. Different teaching strategies and methods are needed to compensate for this. ◦ One student may be visual and another a tactile learner, stemming from the influence of both genetics and environment.
◦ Intelligence is affected by both heredity and environment. children learn differently because of intelligence levels that are affected heredity and environment. ◦ Nativism Theory supports heredity. ◦ Sociocultural Theory supports environment. ◦ Twin studies help scientists observe how environment effects peoples characteristics.
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