Presentation on theme: "Challenges Competition for resources (including raw materials) increases, scarcities => prices rise => impact on European economy 20th cent.: 12-fold."— Presentation transcript:
0 Strengthening Green Growth and Green Jobs – the Europe 2020 Strategy and the Roadmap to a Resource-efficient EuropeDr Manfred RosenstockDG Environment, European CommissionBerlin, 5th March 2014The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission
1 ChallengesCompetition for resources (including raw materials) increases, scarcities => prices rise => impact on European economy20th cent.: 12-fold increase of fossil fuel use, material extraction 8-foldDemand for food, feed and fibre may increase by 70% by 205060% of world’s major ecosystems that help produce these, already degraded or used unsustainablyWBCSD: by 2050 need for 4 to 10 fold increase in resource efficiency, significant changes needed by 2020EU consumes 16 to. of material p.a., of which 5 to. become wasteMajor increase in demand by emerging economies, e.g. China
2 Opportunities from resource efficiency/ greening the economyShort term benefitsGrowth and job creationImproving competitiveness and security of supplyInducing innovationSupporting fiscal consolidationLonger term opportunitiesEconomic and Environmental resilienceImproving competitiveness and security of supplyImproved quality of life and human healthGlobal stability2
3 Opportunities for growth: EU Share of world eco-industries, 2008 Source: ESTAT, 2011Employment in, environmental goods and services industries sector grew by 20% during in spite of the recession. World market expected to double in size until 2020
5 A green economy for future competitiveness Green jobs: All jobs that depend on the environment or are created, substituted or redefined (in terms of skills sets, work methods, profiles greened, etc.) in the transition process towards a greener economyStudy results:Reducing the total material requirement of % can lead to boosting GDP by up to 3.3% and creating million jobsPotential gains for businesses of between 3 and 8% of turnover by using resources more efficientlyImplementation of individual energy efficiency measures could lead to 2 million green jobs created or retained by 2020McKinsey: $ 2.3 trn global gain in improving resource efficiency in various sectors
6 Europe 2020 Strategy and Resource efficiency Need to adapt our economic structures to increasing resource scarcity („green growth“, „eco-efficient economy“). Strategic approaches:Europe 2020: Sustainable growth as one priority; Resource efficiency as key element;Flagship Initiative “A resource efficient Europe”: Help decouple economic growth from resource use, support shift towards a low carbon economy (renewable energy sources, transport, energy efficiency);Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe: Framework for implementation of EU and MS initiatives for resource efficiency; Systematic stakeholder involvement
7 Transforming the economy Promote sustainable production and consumption patterns: e.g. Green Public Procurement, eco-design of productsStimulating research & innovation: Horizon 2020, innovation partnerships.Getting the prices right: Phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies; shift from taxing labour towards environmental taxes, further development of the ETSTurning waste into a resource: stimulating secondary materials markets, improving implementation.
8 Opportunities for more efficiency: Recycling of municipal waste, 2011
9 Opportunities for more efficiency: Environmental taxes as % of all taxes, 2011
10 Safeguarding our natural capital Examples of recent initiatives:Green Infrastructure: network of high-quality natural areas that provide ecosystem services and connectivity. Communication 2013Water Blueprint: integration of resource-efficiency considerations into water policy, framework of measures and instruments.Review of air quality policy: Carry successes in air pollution reduction further, reduce health effects and impacts on soil etc.
11 Green economy package, 2014Review of targets in the area of waste management and improvements in implementationSteps towards a circular economy – eco-design, use of market-based instruments, setting of targets and indicatorsFaciliating the financing of investments in resource efficiencyRecommendations of the European Resource Efficiency PlatformFurther COM initiatives foreseen on food and construction waste, follow up to Rio+20, Green Jobs.