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The Five Themes of Geography

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Presentation on theme: "The Five Themes of Geography"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Five Themes of Geography

2 Geography The study of the distribution and interactions of physical and human features on the earth. Unlike historians, geographers view the world by looking at the use of space on the earth & the interactions that take place there.

3 Methods of Geography Tools of geography
Globe - the most accurate representation of the earth Maps – the most efficient, and easy to use, representation of the earth.

4 Organizing Geography Location –Where is it? Place – What is it like?
Region – How are places similar or different? Movement – How do people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another? Human Environment Interaction – How do people relate to the physical world?

5 Location Absolute Location uses a global grid system to precisely locates a point on the earth’s surface. Latitude Lines – Imaginary lines that determine North and South and run parallel to the Equator. Longitude Lines – Imaginary lines that determine east and west and go around the earth over the poles. Also called Meridians

6 Location continued Relative Location - describes how a place is related to its surrounding environment If you know that Cairo, Egypt is located near the mouth of the Nile River what sorts of things does that tell you?

7 Place Place includes the physical and human characteristics of a location. All places on earth have physical characteristics that set them apart such as climate, vegetation and topography.

8 What are some of the physical and human characteristics of Santa Cruz
What are some of the physical and human characteristics of Santa Cruz? How would a city’s location on a bay affect its economy?

9 Region A region is an area of the earth’s surface with similar characteristics. Regions usually have more than one characteristic that unifies them such as: Physical Political Cultural Economic

10 Formal Regions Formal Regions are defined by a limited number of related characteristics The Sahel is a desert region in northern Africa that is characterized by climate, vegetation and land use

11 Functional Regions A Functional region is organized around a set of interactions and connections between places. The Bay Area is a functional region because highways, railways and bus lines move people from the suburbs to the city for jobs and other activities.

12 Perceptual Region Perceptual Region is a region in which people perceive the characteristics of the region in the same way. However, the set of characteristics may not be precisely the same for all people.

13 Human Environment Interaction
Human beings are the least specialized of all animals, but are the most adaptable. People learn to use what their environment offers them and to change that environment to meet their needs.

14 Interactions Specialized Adaptable

15 Outcome

16 Movement Geographer are interested in the ways people, ideas and goods move from place to place. Geographers analyze movement by looking at three types of distance: Linear Time Perceptual

17 Linear and Time Distance
Linear distance simple means how far something has to travel. How can physical geography affect linear distance? Time distance is the amount of time it takes for a person, idea or product to travel. How has time distance changes over the last 100 years?

18 Psychological Distance
Psychological distance refers to the way people view distance. Studies show that the more familiar we are with a place the closer we think it actually is. Less familiar places see further away. Psychological distance may influence decisions about many different human activities.

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