2 What is Geography?Geography can be defined as the study of people, their environments and their resources.The study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human resources on earth.
3 What is Geography Geography is closely linked to history. History is the account of what has happened in the lives of different people.
4 What is Geography?How similar is this definition to your definition?
5 BASIC GEOGRAPHYGeography is the study of the relationship between people and their physical environmentThe name geography comes from GEO meaning earth and GRAPHICA meaning description.
6 2 Branches of Geography Physical Geography Human (Cultural) Geography Study of earth’s physical processesGeology – rocks and earth formationsEnvironmental science – human interaction with the environmentTopography – earth’s featuresCartography – map making.Human (Cultural) GeographyCharacteristics of human activitiesPolitics – governmentsHistory – significant eventsEconomics – how use resourcesSociology – human societiesUrban – citiesDemographics – human population statistics
7 5 Oceans – Southern, Arctic, Pacific, Indian, Atlantic 7 continents – Africa, Asia, Antarctica, South America, North America, Europe & Australia5 Oceans – Southern, Arctic, Pacific, Indian, Atlantic
8 Latitude AKA: Parallels Numbers get higher the further North or South you move away from the EquatorLatitude lines measure North or South of the EquatorZero Degrees Latitude is theEquator90 Degree North (North Pole)90 Degrees South (South Pole)
9 Longitude AKA- Meridians Zero Degrees longitude is the Prime Meridian degrees East or West is the International Date LineBy international agreement - 0 degrees longitude runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, EnglandNumbers get higher the farther you move either East of WestLongitude lines measure East or West of the Prime MeridianLongitudeAKA- Meridians
10 KNOW: Equator, 2 Tropics, 2 Circles, 2 Poles and their latitudes!!!! MEMORIZE THESE LINES!!KNOW: Equator, 2 Tropics, 2 Circles, 2 Poles and their latitudes!!!!
11 The US is in the Western Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere HemisheresIf you cut the Earth through the Equator you would get two halves, the Northern and Southern HemisphereIf you cut the Earth through the Prime Meridian you would get two halves, the Western and Eastern HemisphereThe US is in the Western Hemisphere and the Northern HemisphereEach degree of the earth is equal to 1/360 of the earth. Each degree is divided into 60 minutes (‘). Each minute = 60 seconds (“)
16 Types of Maps General Purpose Maps Special Purpose Maps Show a wide variety of informationPhysical Maps- Show topography (shape) of earths physical featuresPolitical Maps- Show boundaries between countries. Also may show cities, capitals, roads, railroads. Think man made!Special Purpose MapsEmphasize a single idea or a particular kind of informationEconomic Activity Map- Shows the distribution of land use and natural resources.
22 Location Absolute Tells you the exact location Exact location using latitude and longitude
23 LocationRelative LocationPlaces in relation to another
24 LocationAbsoluteRelativeTells you “Where it is”
25 Location Come up with examples of what you think could be considered: Absolute locationRelative location
26 Place A particular space with physical and human meaning Unique characteristics that make places “places”How are they similar to one another?
27 PlaceWhen looking at Place, you may think about Place as Physical FeaturesClimateSoilAnimal life and Plant lifeBodies of Water
28 PlaceWhat is another example of physical features to describe place?
29 PlaceWhen looking at Place, you may think about Place as Human and Cultural CharacteristicsKinds of homesTransportationWays to earn a livingReligion and Traditions
30 PlaceHow would you describe Clinton High School in terms of place?
31 Place Physical Features Human Features Tells you “What it is like there”
32 Human and Environmental Interactions The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environmentHow do people use their environment?How and why do people change their environments?What is the result or consequences of the changes people make?
33 Human and Environmental Interactions How do people:Depend on the environment?Modify the environment?Adapt to their environment?
34 Human and Environmental Interactions Depend - RiversModify - RoadsAdapt - clothes
35 Human and Environmental Interactions Human and Environmental Interaction tells you “What is the relationship between people and their environment”
36 Movement People study how people shape the world how they settle the earthhow they form societieshow the create permanent featureshow people adapt to make societies
37 MovementWhen looking at movement think about the movement of people, goods and ideasReasons for movement many times is that there is a need to adapt
38 MovementTells you “ How are people and places connected
39 Region Areas united by specific factors There are three types of regionsformalfunctionalperceptual
40 RegionFormal Regionformal or uniform region is defined by common characteristics like The Corn Belt - Iowa and Illinois area of US cause they are known for farming.
41 Region Functional region a central place and the surrounding areas linked to ithighway systemslarge cities
42 Region Perceptual region set or defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objectsThe heartlandThe motherland
43 Region Can you come up with an example of each? Formal Functional Perceptual
44 RegionRegion tells you “ How are places similar?”