Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Unit Five Trade Relations

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Unit Five Trade Relations"— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit Five Trade Relations

2 Unit 5 Vocabulary Balance of Payments Bill of Lading
Certificate of Origin Cost, Insurance, and Freight (CIF) Cost & Freight (C&F) Countertrade Customs Official Direct Barter Economic Community Free On Board (FOB) Freight Forwarder Industry Monopolistic Competition Monopoly Oligopoly Pure Competition Trade Deficit

3 Unit 5 Essential Question
How do international companies trade?

4 Chapter 6 10/24/2000 Essential Question 1 Trade Relations What are the procedures for importing goods? Amplifying Questions Why is importing important? What are the steps for importing goods? International Business pg

5 Importance of Importing
Product demand: Some goods and services are available only from other countries. Lower costs: Some goods and services are less expensive when produced in one country than another. Production inputs: Companies purchase raw materials and component parts from other countries.

6 Importing Activities Step 4: Receive goods Step 3: Finalize purchase
Step 2: Contact suppliers Step 1: Determine demand

7 Chapter 6 10/24/2000 Essential Question 2 Trade Relations What are the procedures for exporting goods? Amplifying Questions Why is the exporting process? What are the various sales terms? What documents are required for exporting goods? What are some barriers to exporting? International Business pg

8 The Exporting Process Find potential customers
STEP 1 Find potential customers STEP 2 Meet the needs of customers STEP 3 Agree on sales terms STEP 4 Provide products or services STEP 5 Complete the transaction

9 Sales Terms FOB - Free on board:
Selling price of the product includes the cost of loading the exported goods onto transport vessels at the specified place.

10 Sales Terms CIF - Cost, insurance, and freight:
Cost of goods, insurance, and freight are included in the price quoted.

11 Sales Terms C&F - Cost and freight:
Price includes the cost of the goods and freight, but the buyer must pay for insurance separately.

12 Export Documents Bill of lading: Certificate of origin:
Document stating the agreement between the exporter and the transportation company. Certificate of origin: Document that states the name of the country in which the shipped goods were produced.

13 Exporting Hurdles No company representatives in foreign countries
Products not appropriate for foreign consumers Insufficient production facilities to manufacture enough goods for exporting High costs of doing business in other countries Difficulty understanding foreign business procedures Difficulty obtaining payment from foreign customers

14 Commonly Exported Services
Hospitality: Hotels, food service Entertainment: Movies, television production, amusement parks Financial services: Insurance, real estate

15 Chapter 6 10/24/2000 Essential Question 3 Trade Relations Why is it important for countries to have trade relations? Amplifying Questions What are the economic effects of foreign trade? What type of trade agreements exist between countries? International Business pg

16 The Economic Effect of Foreign Trade
Balance of trade: The difference between a country’s exports and imports.

17 The Economic Effect of Foreign Trade

18 The Economic Effect of Foreign Trade
Trade deficit: Total amount a country owes to other countries as a result of importing more goods and services than the country is exporting.

19 Trade Agreements The World Trade Organization:
GATT was established in January 1948. WTO replaced GATT in 1995 with over 140 member nations. Based in Geneva, Switzerland. Has the power to settle trade disputes and enforce free-trade agreements between members, unlike GATT.

20 Trade Agreements The World Trade Organization Goals:
Lowering tariffs that discourage free trade. Eliminating import quotas and subsidies that reduce competition in the world market. Recognize protection for patents, copyrights, and other intellectual properties. Reduce barriers for banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions. Assisting poor countries with creating trade policies and stimulating economic growth.

21 Trade Agreements Economic communities:
An organization of countries that bond together to allow the free flow of products. Also called a common market. Benefits: Expanded trade with other regions of the world. Reduced tariffs for member countries. Lower prices for consumers within the group. Expanded employment and investment opportunities.

22 Trade Agreements Economic communities: Examples: EU - European Union
LAFTA - Latin American Free Trade Association ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian Nations ECOWAS - Economic Community of West African States. NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement

23 Trade Agreements Barter agreements: The trade of one item for another.
Direct trade: The exchange of goods and services with no money involved. Countertrade: The exchange of products or services between companies in different countries with the possibility of currency exchange.

24 Trade Agreements Free-trade zones:
An area designated by a government for duty-free entry of non-prohibited goods. Commonly located at a point of entry into a nation. Merchandise may be stored, displayed, or used without duties being paid. Duties are imposed on the goods only when items enter into an area of the country subject to customs.

25 Chapter 6 10/24/2000 Essential Question 4 Trade Relations How does competition affect international trade? Amplifying Questions What factors affect international business competition? What are the various types of competitive market situations? International Business pg

26 International Business Competition
Factors affecting competition Number of companies Business costs Product differences Benefits and concerns of competition Improve economic situation and living conditions of a country. Companies may become to powerful.

27 Types of Competitive Situations
Pure competition Many sellers Same product Monopolistic competition Slightly different product Oligopoly Few sellers Slightly different product Monopoly One seller Usually government regulated

Download ppt "Unit Five Trade Relations"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google