Presentation on theme: "Understand the role of business in the global economy."— Presentation transcript:
1 Understand the role of business in the global economy. Essential Standard1.00Understand the role of business in the global economy.
2 Understand business in the global marketplace. Objective 1.03Understand business in the global marketplace.
3 TopicsFactors and regulations companies have to consider when doing business in the global market placeMain entry modes for companies to enter the global marketplaceMain international trade organizations
4 Factors and regulations companies have to consider when doing business in the global market place
5 Domestic vs. International Businesses What activities are included in domestic business transactions? Where do they take place?What activities are included international business transactions? Where do they take place?Domestic business is the making, buying, and selling of goods and service within a country.International business, also called foreign or world trade, refers to business activities needed for creating, shipping, and selling goods and services across national borders.
6 Business Advantage Factors Absolute advantage exists when a country can produce a good or service at a lower cost than other countries.Comparative advantage is a situation in which a country specializes in the production of a good or service at which it is relatively more efficient.What are some examples of absolute and comparative advantages?Absolute advantage example: Saudi Arabia-Oil production, Columbia-coffee, Virgin Islands-sandComparative advantage example: China-manufacturing of clothes and household goodsAmerica-TechnologyJapan-Electroncis
7 International Trade From where do imports come?. From where do exports come?What are some examples of imports?What are some examples of exports?Imports are items bought from other countries.Exports are goods and services sold to other countries.Import examples may include furniture, tax preparation services, bananas, or automobile parts.Export examples may include silver, automobile parts, or software.
8 Importing Advantages and Disadvantages Goods available for purchase.Goods could have cost less since they were imported.Goods may be a better quality since imported.Goods imported and owned may provide satisfaction.DisadvantagesSome goods would cost more without competition of imported goods.Possibly goods may be unavailable.
9 Exporting Advantages and Disadvantage(s) Exporting creates jobs.Exporting provides access to goods usually unavailable.Disadvantage(s)Jobs may depend on global business.
10 Measuring of Trade Relations What is a way to measure trade relations?Why are measures of trade relations completed?Foreign debt is the amount of money a country owes to other countries.What is a way to measure trade relations?Balance of trade or balance of paymentsWhy are measures of trade relations completed?Nations are concerned with balancing income with expenditures.
11 Measuring of Trade Relations continued Balance of trade is the difference between a country’s total exports and total imports.If a country exports more than it imports, it has a trade surplus. This is favorable.If a country imports more than it exports, it has a trade deficit. This is unfavorable.
12 Measuring of Trade Relations continued Balance of payments is the difference between the amount of money that comes into a country and the amount that goes out of it.If a country receives more money in a year than it pays out, it has favorable balance.If a country sends more money out than it brings in, it has an unfavorable balance.
13 International Currency Exchange Rate Main Factors The foreign exchange market is where banks buy and sell different currencies.The exchange rate is the value of a currency in one country when compared with the value in another.
14 International Currency Exchange Rate Main Factors Continued Main factors affecting currency exchange rates are:Balance of paymentsEconomic conditionsPolitical stabilityBalance of payment is influenced by demand for a nations goods and services. If the balance of payment is favorable, then usually currency is steady and rising in value. If unfavorable, then usually the currency is declining in value.Economic ConditionsInflation decreases buying power of currencyInterest rates that are high decreases demand to borrow money.Political stability could be impacted by changes in government or laws.
15 International Business Environment Factors What are the main environmental issues that could make a difference when conducting business in the global marketplace?How could these issues impact businesses?What are the main environmental issues that could make a difference when conducting business in the global marketplace?Cultural influences, economic development, geography, and political-legal issuesHow could these issues impact businesses?Cultural influences-In a country company executives may prefer to meet with people of the same culture.Geography-A country with a lot of natural resources may have to rely on exports more.Economic development-A country may have limited transportation methods that may limit travel distances to purchase imported goods.Political-legal concerns-A country’s government only collects about ¼ of his housing property taxes. This could be a sign of weak government that is ignored by the its citizens.
16 International Business Environment Factors continued Four main factors:GeographyCultural InfluencesEconomic DevelopmentPolitical and Legal Concerns
17 International Business Environment Factors continued What is included in a country’s geography?The geography of a country could impact its natural resources and export and import of resources.What is included in a country’s geography?LocationClimateTerrainSeaportsNatural Resources
18 International Business Environment Factors continued What main cultural factors may Influence how business is conducted in the global marketplace?The accepted behavior, customs and values of a society could impact business activities.What main cultural factors may influence how business is conducted in the global marketplace?LanguageReligionFamilyFoodValuesCustomsSocial Relationships
19 International Business Environment Factors Continued What key effects of a country’s economics that may influence conducting business in a global marketplace?A country’s economic development impacts its citizens standard of living and business activities.What key effects of a country’s economics that may influence conducting business in a global marketplace?Education and Literacy levelInflationTechnologyExchange rateAgricultural dependencyInfrastructureTransportationCommunicationUtilities systems
20 International Business Environment Factors continued What political and legal concerns may influence business activities in a global marketplace?Political and legal concerns influence business activities in the global marketplace.What political and legal concerns may influence business activities in a global marketplace?Type of GovernmentStability of governmentGovernment policies for businesses relevant to trade barriers
21 Main International Trade Barrier Factors EmbargoGovernment bans the import or export of specified goods.Why would a government place an embargo?QuotasA limit on the quantity of good that may be imported or exported within a given period to regulate international trade.Why would a company or country set a quota?TariffsTaxes on certain imported products which increases prices.Why would a government use a tariff?Why would a government place an embargo?To protect a good or service from too much competition in a global market place more that what a quota or tariff could.To protect sensitive goods.Why would a company or country set a quota?To regulate the supply and prices.To protect a good or service from too much competition in a global market place.Why would a government use a tariff?To protect the supply of goods.
22 Encouragement of International Trade Factors Main factors are:Common Market: Countries that are members freely invest in one another.Examples:European Union (EU)Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
23 Encouragement of International Trade Factors continued Free-Trade Agreement: Countries that are members remove duties and trade barriers on products traded among them to increase trade between members.ExampleNAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
24 Encouragement of International Trade Factors continued Free-trade zones: Include selected areas that allow duty-free products to be imported, and then stored, assembled, and/or used in manufacturing. The activities usually occur around a seaport or airport.
25 Main entry modes for companies to enter the global marketplace
26 Main Entry Modes to the Global Marketplace Franchising is allowing a business the rights to use another company’s name or process in a specific way.What are some examples?Licensing is selling the right to a company to use some intangible property (production process, trademark, or brand name) for a fee or royalty.Franchising-What are some examples?H & R BlockDunkin’ DonutsLicensing-What are some examples?Dick Idol furniture/productsBeyond Juice CafésJoint venture-What are some examples?Cable company and television stationsOil lube and tire service company
27 Main Entry Modes to the Global Marketplace continued Joint venture happens when two or more companies agree to share a business project.What are some examples?What are some examples?Cable company and television stationsOil lube and tire service company
29 Main International Trade Organizations International Monetary Fund (IMF)World BankWorld Trade Organization (WTO)
30 Main International Trade Organizations continued International Monetary Fund (IMF)Helps promote economic cooperation and maintain an orderly system of world trade and exchange rates.World BankProvides economic aid to developing countries to fund building communications systems, transportation networks, and energy plans.
31 Main International Trade Organizations continued World Trade Organization (WTO)Settles trade disputes and enforces free-trade agreements among its members.