Presentation on theme: "1 Understand the role of business in the global economy. Obj 1.03 Understand business in the global marketplace."— Presentation transcript:
1 Understand the role of business in the global economy. Obj 1.03 Understand business in the global marketplace.
Factors and regulations companies have to consider when doing business in the global market place Main entry modes for companies to enter the global marketplace Main international trade organizations 2
Domestic business is the making, buying, and selling of goods and service within a country. International business, also called foreign or world trade, refers to business activities needed for creating, shipping, and selling goods and services across national borders. 3
Absolute advantage exists when a country can produce a good or service at a lower cost than other countries. Saudi Arabia-Oil production, Columbia-coffee, Virgin Islands-sand Comparative advantage is a situation in which a country specializes in the production of a good or service at which it is relatively more efficient. China-clothes and household goods, America-Technology Japan-Electronics 4
Imports are items bought from other Import examples may include furniture, tax preparation services, bananas, or automobile parts. Exports are goods and services sold to other countries Export examples may include silver, automobile parts, or software. 5
What are some advantages of importing? Goods available for purchase. Goods could have cost less since they were imported. Goods may be a better quality since imported. Goods imported and owned may provide satisfaction. What are some disadvantages of importing? Some goods would cost more without competition of imported goods. Possibly goods may be unavailable. 6
What are some advantages of exporting? Exporting creates jobs. Exporting provides access to goods usually unavailable. What are some disadvantages of exporting? Jobs may depend on global business. A natural disaster may curtail production tremendously. 7
What is a balance of trade? is the difference between a country’s total exports and total imports If a country exports more than it imports, it has a trade surplus. This is favorable. If a country imports more than it exports, it has a trade deficit. This is unfavorable. 8
What is a balance of payments? is the difference between the amount of money that comes into a country and the amount that goes out of it. If a country receives more money in a year than it pays out, it has favorable balance. If a country sends more money out than it brings in, it has an unfavorable balance. 9
Foreign Exchange Market is where banks buy and sell different currencies The exchange rate is the value of a currency in one country when compared with the value in another 10
Balance of payments- influenced by demand for a nations goods and services. If the balance of payment is favorable, then usually currency is steady and rising in value. If unfavorable, then usually the currency is declining in value. Economic conditions - Economic Conditions include the following: inflation decreases buying power of currency interest rates that are high decreases demand to borrow money. Political stability could be impacted by changes in government or laws. 11
Cultural influences- In a country company executives may prefer to meet with people of the same culture. Geography A country with a lot of natural resources may have to rely on exports more. 12 Economic development –A country may have limited transportation methods that may limit travel distances to purchase imported goods. Political-legal concerns –A country’s government only collects about ¼ of his housing property taxes. This could be a sign of weak government that is ignored by the its citizens.
13 What is included in a country’s geography? The geography of a country could impact its natural resources and export and import of resources. Location Climate Terrain Seaports Natural Resources How can this affect a country’s trade? The geography of a country could impact its natural resources and export and import of resources.
14 What main cultural factors may influence how business is conducted in the global marketplace? Language Religion Family Food Values Customs Social Relationships How can this affect a country’s trade? The accepted behavior, customs, and values of a society could impact business activities.
15 What key effects of a country’s economics that may influence conducting business in a global marketplace? Education and Literacy level Inflation Technology Exchange rate Agricultural dependency Infrastructure Transportation How can this affect a country’s trade? A country’s economic development impacts its citizens standard of living and business activities. Communication Utilities systems
16 What political and legal concerns may influence business activities in a global marketplace? Type of Government Stability of government Government policies for businesses relevant to trade barriers How can this affect a country’s trade? Political and legal concerns influence business activities in the global marketplace.
17 Embargo- when a government bans the import or export of specified goods. Why would a government place an embargo? To protect a good or service from too much competition in a global market place more that what a quota or tariff could. To protect sensitive goods. Quota- a limit on the quantity of good that may be imported or exported within a given period to regulate international trade. Why would a company or country set a quota? To regulate the supply and prices. To protect a good or service from too much competition in a global market place. Tariffs- taxes on certain imported products which increases prices. Why would a government use a tariff? To protect the supply of goods.
18 Common market is when countries that are members freely invest in one another. European Union (EU) Latin American Integration Association (LAIA) Free-Trade Agreement is when countries that are members remove duties and trade barriers on products traded among them to increase trade between members. NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Free-trade zones include selected areas that allow duty-free products to be imported, and then stored, assembled, and/or used in manufacturing. The activities usually occur around a seaport or airport.
19 Franchising is allowing a business the rights to use another company’s name or process in a specific way. H & R Block Dunkin’ Donuts Licensing is selling the right to a company to use some intangible property (production process, trademark, or brand name) for a fee or royalty. Dick Idol furniture/products Beyond Juice Cafés Joint venture happens when two or more companies agree to share a business project. Cable company and television stations Oil lube and tire service company
20 International Monetary Fund (IMF) Helps promote economic cooperation and maintain an orderly system of world trade and exchange rates. World Bank Provides economic aid to developing countries to fund building communications systems, transportation networks, and energy plans. World Trade Organization (WTO) Settles trade disputes and enforces free-trade agreements among its members.