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Published byNorah McKenzie Modified over 9 years ago

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Product : the answer to an multiplication problem. Factor : any of the numbers multiplied together in an problem. Grouping : the order in which numbers are grouped together in a problem. Multiplicand : a number that is multiplied by another. Since the numbers in a multiplication problem can be put in any order, factor is a better term.

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Introducing… The Properties of Multiplication!

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The Distributive Property of Addition over Multiplication The sum of two numbers, multiplied by a third number, is equal to th e sum of each addend times the third number. For example: 4 x (6 + 3) = 4x6 + 4x3

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The Commutative Property of Multiplication When two numbers are multiplied together, the product is the same regardless of the order of the multiplicands/factors. For example: 4 x 2 = 2 x 4

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The Associative Property of Multiplication When three or more numbers are multiplied, the product is the same regardless of the grouping of the factors. For example: (2 x 3) x 4 = 2 x (3 x 4)

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The Additive Identity Property of Multiplication The product of any number and one is that number. For example: 5 x 1 = 5.

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Zero Property The product of any number and zero is zero. It doesn't matter what the number is, when you multiply it to zero, you get zero as the answer. For Example: 2 x 0 = 0.

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