2 Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold Mark TwainGilded means to cover something of poor quality with goldWhat does this imply about American Society?
3 Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed Characteristics of the Gilded AgeNegativesWorking ConditionsPoverty and Living Conditions in CitiesGap between Rich and Poor IncreasesFarmers StrugglePolitical CorruptionTreatment of MinoritiesPositivesIndustrializationEconomic GrowthNew InventionsGrowth of Middle Class and SuburbsManifest Destiny
4 Middle Class and the Growth of Suburbs commute to the city for jobs and shopping.made possible by railroads, horse cars, and streetcars.get away from poor immigrantsQuiet and healthier for familySegregated Communities
5 Nouveau Riche The New Rich Conspicuous Consumption- spending money just to show off wealth
6 Conspicuous Display of Wealth, Millionaire’s Row, New York Carnegie MansionVanderbilt ChateauCarnegie resided on Millionaires' Row for over three decades, first in a brownstone adjoining the Vanderbilt chateau at 51st street, then in this four-story, sixty-four room mansion at 91st.The house was a marvel of modern technology. Outside air was brought in and heated or cooled to the desired temperature. In the sub-basement, a miner's cart carried coal along a railroad track from a massive bin to three large boilers. On a typical winter day, it took two tons of coal to heat the house.The Vanderbilt chateau at 52nd Street, designed by architect Richard Morris Hunt, represents the first influential grafting of European history on unseasoned American wealth. It was grand and gaudy, inspired by great mansions of 15th-century France. It literally dripped with Europe, instantly becoming the standard for the mansions of Fifth Avenue and the palatial homes of Newport. To some, however, it seemed a bit much. Critic Louis H. Sullivan called it "a contradiction, an absurdity, a characteristically New York absurdity."
16 URBAN PROBLEMS Overcrowded Housing Sanitation: garbage was often not collectedPolluted airLack of clean waterCrimeFireHarper’s Weekly image of Chicagoans fleeing the fire over the Randolph Street bridge in 1871
17 POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE As cities grew in the late 19th century, so did political machinesPolitical machines controlled the activities of a political party in a cityThe head of the Political machine was known as the “Boss”
18 ROLE OF THE POLITICAL BOSS The “Boss” controlled jobs, business licenses, granting of contracts and influenced laws and courtsPolitical Machines helped immigrants with naturalization (citizenship), jobs, and housing in exchange for votesBoss Tweed ran NYC
19 Political Corruption was considered to be widespread President Grant’s AdministrationVoter Fraud- used fake names and voted multiple timesPatronage- granting favors in return for political supportGraft- bribeskick-backs - Return of money in exchange for a business
21 THE TWEED RING SCANDALWilliam M. Tweed, known as Boss Tweed, became head of Tammany Hall, NYC’s powerful Democratic political machinesBetween , Tweed led the Tweed Ring, a group of corrupt politicians, in defrauding the cityTweed’s ring stole between 40 and 200 millionTweed died in JailBoss Tweed
23 CIVIL SERVICE REPLACES PATRONAGE Nationally, some politicians pushed for reform in the hiring systemThe system had been based on Patronage; giving jobs and favors to those who helped a candidate get electedReformers pushed for an adoption of a merit system of hiring the most qualified for jobsThe Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 authorized a bipartisan commission to make appointments for federal jobs based on performanceApplicants for federal jobs are required to take a Civil Service Exam