Presentation on theme: "And their antecedents. The antecedent of a pronoun is the word to which the pronoun refers. The antecedent comes before (ante-) the pronoun. In."— Presentation transcript:
The antecedent of a pronoun is the word to which the pronoun refers. The antecedent comes before (ante-) the pronoun. In these examples, the pronoun and its antecedent are bolded: Mary earned her final paycheck this week. Keith hit his first home run today. The Fishers returned from their fishing trip. The company advertises its products on radio.
The pronoun must agree in both number and gender. Singular antecedents take singular pronouns. Plural antecedents take plural pronouns: they, them, their Masculine antecedents take masculine pronouns: he, him, his Feminine antecedents take feminine pronouns: she, her, hers If the antecedent is neither masculine nor feminine, use a neuter pronoun: it, its
each either neither one everyone everybody no one nobody anyone anybody someone somebody
Two or more singular antecedents separated by or or nor should be referred to by a singular pronoun: Neither Sue nor Maria left her books on her desk. If one of the antecedents separated by or or nor is plural and the other is singular, then the pronoun should match the antecedent closest to it: Neither the students nor the teacher brought his lunch. Neither the teacher nor the students brought their lunch.
Two or more antecedents joined by and should be referred to by a plural pronoun: Sue and Maria presented their reports. Don’t be distracted by phrases after the antecedent: Anybody in the classroom has the right to express their opinion. (Anybody = singular)
What if the antecedent could be either masculine or feminine? Old time usage allowed a writer to use the masculine form of the personal pronoun. Everyone has handed in his paper. More culturally aware writers use both masculine and feminine. Everyone has handed in his or her paper. You can (sometimes) avoid this awkwardness by rephrasing the sentence in the plural: The students have handed in their papers. But don’t make this common mistake: The student handed in their paper.
1. Each of the women designed _____ own pattern. (her, their) 2. Neither of the men left ____ coat on the seat. (his, their) 3. One of the girls took ____ umbrella with ___. (her, their) 4. No one brought ____ camera to the party. (his/her, their)