4 Draw graphs to show what water heated and cooled for 10 minutes would look like and what land heated and cooled for 10 minutes would look like.
5 Soil heats and cools quickly Soil heats and cools quickly. Water heats more slowly but retains its heat longer than the soil.Time in minutes˚FSoilWater
6 Give a definition and example of heat transfer by conduction.
7 What is heat transfer by direct contact of 2 objects that are different temperatures. Ex. 1: When a person walks barefoot on the beach on a hot summer day. Ex. 2: Your little brother touches the frying pan on the stove. (ouch!)
8 Give a definition and example of heat transfer by convection.
9 Land and sea breezes, westerlies Convection: What is heat transfer through liquid or gas where the warm part rises and the cool part sinks.Ex. Convection:Lava lampLand and sea breezes, westerliesThe water in the pot of water on the stove boiling..
10 Give an example and definition of heat transfer by radiation.
11 Radiation: What is heat transfer through space which heats up the land/object without touching. Examples of Radiation:Feeling really hot sitting next to a campfireSun’s energy
13 What is a long narrow current of very strong winds in the upper atmosphere that affects the weather in the US (moves our weather west to east)?
14 Identify and describe what is happening in this picture.
15 What is a land breeze? The ocean is warmer than the land which causes the air above the ocean to rise and the air above the land to sink and replace the rising warm air. This forms a convection current (wind) from the land to water. (happens at night)
16 What causes weather systems to travel from west to east across the United States?
17 What are the westerlies and jet stream. Follow up question: how does this knowledge help meteorologists?
18 It is the main cause of surface ocean currents?