Drama Prose or verse telling a story intended for representation by actors through dialogue or action.
The Play Script : printed copy of a play. Acts : the major sections of a play. Playwright : person who writes plays. Scene : small section or portion of a play.
The People Actor: male performer Actress: female performer Cast: all performers selected to portray characters. Director: instructs actors on how to portray characters.
The Theater A building where a play is performed containing the stage and seating area for the audience.
Areas of the Stage Backstage: area behind scenery not visible to audience. Center stage: area in the center of the stage. Downstage: area closest to the audience. Stage left/right: area to actor’s left or right as he/she faces the audience.
Upstage: area furthest away from the audience. Backdrop: painted curtain without fullness. Set: all sets and props that help define the action. Flats: canvas-covered wooden frames used for scenery.
Upstage BACKSTAGEBACKSTAGE B A C K ST A G E Down Stage Center Stage Stage Left Stage Right Audience
Stage Directions Cue: something that precedes the next action. Cut: to stop the action. Exit: to leave the stage.
Elements of Drama Plot: the main storyline Theme: the basic idea of the play Character: person, animal or thing in the story
Language: formal setting or dialect Spectacle: visuals involved on stage Dialogue: conversation between two or more characters. Monologue: one person speaking
Costumes: clothing worn by an actor on stage to help represent characters. Props: items used on stage to help actors tell a story
Creative Dramatics Improvisation: to make up or perform without preparation. Pantomime: to communicate without speaking using only facial and body gestures.
Mimicry: to copy or imitate something very closely. Role Playing : to take on the characteristics of someone or something.
A HISTORY OF DRAMA Drama began in ancient Greece dating back to 543 B.C. It started as choral performances of dancing and singing honoring the Greek god, Dionysus, the god of wine.
The Greeks held their dramas in outdoor theaters called amphitheaters, the largest seating 14,000 people. Theater at Delphi
Types of Greek Drama Tragedy: character is confronted with a difficult moral choice and usually ends in his or her death. Comedy: a humorous entertaining performance with a happy ending.
In Greek drama, the actors all wore masks to help the audience recognize the character they were playing. The “Agamemnon” Mask
550-534 BC Located at the bottom of the Acropolis in Athens. Orchestra ChorusProskenion Skene Theater of Dionysos