2 CivicsDefine the different types of governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, and dictatorship).
3 Democracy The government is elected by the people(rule). Advantages: Everyone who is eligible to vote has a chance to have their say over who runs the countryPeople have the right to criticize the governmentFreedom of ExpressionProtect the rights of an individualDisadvantages:Takes time to make decisions
4 AuthoritarianGovernment by a single person having unlimited power and complete obedience to the rulerAdvantagesOrganized , controlled, efficientDecisions and changes can be made quicklyDisadvantagesNo individual freedom is allowed (No protesting)Complete obedience to the leaderLeaders are often self appointed and usually cannot be replaced
5 Monarchy A government headed by a King or Queen Advantages Organized, controlled, traditional, unifyingDisadvantagesExpensive (pomp, ceremony)Chosen by birthMonarch is remote from everyday experiencesBut a constitutional monarchy, like the UK, also has a democratic government that limits the monarch's control.Examples: Canada, Holland
6 AnarchyBreakdown of law and order, in which the government is ineffective or non-existentThis can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.Believe that government is a bad thing and interferes in people’s lives.Advantage: sometimes change happensDisadvantage: creates chaos
7 OligarchyA government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power.AdvantagesStable, organized, controlledDisadvantagesLimited access to powerLimited rights for people and individual rights (Ex. South Africa –Apartheid)
8 Republic A republic is a country that has no monarch. Can be both Democratic (US and France) or Non-democratic (China).
9 Dictatorship (Totalitarism) A country ruled by a single leader orPolitical party.The leader has not been elected andmay use force to keep control.In a military dictatorship, the army is in control.Advantages:Decisions and Change happens quicklyOrganized controlled and efficientDisadvantages:Limited access to power, rights of people and individualsExample: Hitler’s Nazi Germany, Castro’s Cuba
10 CommunistThe government owns property such as businesses, farms and distribution.It provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare.Everyone is equal and works together to share wealth