Presentation on theme: "Forms of Governments SS.7.C.3.1- Compare different forms of government (direct democracy, representative democracy, socialism, communism, monarchy, oligarchy,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Forms of GovernmentsSS.7.C.3.1- Compare different forms of government (direct democracy, representative democracy, socialism, communism, monarchy, oligarchy, autocracy).SS.7.C.3.2- Compare parliamentary, federal, confederal, and unitary systems of government.
3 A. Direct Democracy also known as pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide (e.g. vote on, form consensus on) policy initiatives directly.
4 B. Representative Democracy (Republic) also known as indirect democracya state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.Law rules
5 C. Constitutional Monarchy In all monarchies, the ruling position is passed on to the ruler’s heirs/ family members.A Constitutional Monarchy, like the UK, also has a democratic government that limits the monarch's control.A Monarch is a king, queen, emperor or empress
15 A. RevolutionaryIf a government is overthrown by force, the new ruling group is sometimes called a revolutionary government.
16 B. Anarchy Anarchy is a situation where there is no government. This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.Anarchists are people who believe that government is a bad thing in that it stops people organizing their own lives.
18 A. Capitalisman economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
19 B. SocialismAn economic and political system where the workers control the means of production, such as machinery or farmland, instead of their bosses.Socialism means total state or collective ownership of the means of production, as opposed to private ownership.All choices are up to the individual. (examples-education, religion, employment)
20 C. CommunismIdeally, there is no leader; the people govern directly. This has never been actually practiced, and has just used a one-party system. In a communist country, the government owns property such as businesses and farms.
21 Videos Forms of Government https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vdh9xo47OWM Systems of Government
22 How do governments distribute power? Systems of GovernmentHow do governments distribute power?
23 I. Unitary-A system in which the power is held by one central authority. One branch of government
24 II. ConfederalA system in which power is shared by an alliance of union of political organizations. Independent states voluntarily work together for some common purpose and agree to certain limits on their freedom of action as a confederation.
28 IV. Parliamentary-A system in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.In a parliamentary system, the head of state is normally a different person from the head of government.