2 DO NOW Take out your index cards. On your do now form, respond to the the following in a few sentences:Which speaker looks more confident? Why? Do you think people are born with confidence or is it something they can learn?
3 Speech Anxiety Survey RESULTS If you answered in the 6-12 range, you have low speech anxiety. If you scored 24 or more, you have high speech anxiety. 15% of Americans fall into this range.
4 Speech Anxietythe fear or anxiety experienced when planning to speak or speaking to an audience. Also called GLOSSOPHOBIA, the fear of public speaking is the #1 fear in America, even higher than spiders, clowns, and death.
5 NOTESIn your notebooks, prepare to take notes. DATE: 9/9/14 TOPIC: SPEECH ANXIETY
6 Cause 1: Temperament The way you think introvert vs. extrovert THINK: Are you more of an introvert oran extrovert? Does one mean youare a better speaker?
7 Cause 2: Previous Experience everyone has itbased on reactions you receivedTHINK: What previous experiences have you had? Did you receive positive or negative reactions?
8 Cause 3: Level of Skillthe only way to have more skill is to practice and to speak morethe ability to prepare a speech is the best skill to have
9 Ways to Overcome Anxiety 1. Motivation – focus on message and not performance 2. Visualization – see yourself doing well 3. Relax – control your body, use relaxation methods
10 Ways to Overcome Anxiety 4. Prepare - don’t wait! - practice aloud 5. Speak when it works for you – volunteers? 6. Confidence – fake it ‘til you make it
11 CONFIDENCE!Audiences respond to speakers who present themselves as being knowledgeable about what they are saying and are secure in their ability to deliver information.
12 CONFIDENCE! Know your topic. Focus on the positive. Expect some anxiety.Think about the message instead of yourself.Visualize your audience.Have fun!Avoid “touchy” topics.Fake it ‘til you make it.Practice, practice, practice
13 Ways to Overcome Anxiety 7. Positive Self-Talk a statement that builds your confidence or self-esteem, like an affirmation negative self-talk are statements about what you cannot do or focuses on the negative I am afraid everyone will tell I am nervous. I am afraid I will sound boring. I am afraid my voice will crack.
14 Positive Self-Talk Change negative statements into positive ones: I am afraid everyone willtell I am nervous.I am afraid I will soundboring.I am afraid my voice willcrack.The audience won’t know; they are excited to hear my message.If I am passionate aboutmy message, they will betoo.Even if it cracks, I willcontinue with confidence.
15 Positive Self-Talk Change negative statements into positive ones: Identify the negative feelings you have.Are these fears rational and realistic?Write opposite, positive statements.Practice the statements!
16 TURN IT AROUND NEGATIVE STATEMENT POSITIVE SELF-TALK I am going to forget everything I prepared when I speak. I am going to forget to use eye contact and am going to look like an idiot. I am afraid that I am going to pronounce words wrong.?????
17 HOMEWORK:Complete the worksheet – answers go in your notebookSpeeches on Thursday!!
18 DO NOWOn your do now form, respond to the following in a few sentences: Is listening different from hearing? Explain.
19 NOTESIn your notebooks, prepare to take notes. DATE: 9/10/14 TOPIC: LISTENING vs. HEARING
20 Listening 50% of communication different from hearing because it involves understandingTHINK: Do you think listening comes naturally or is it something you have to work at?
21 The Listening GapPeople speak at a rate of words per minute, but your brain processes information at words per minute. This leads to inattention. What kind of listener are you?
22 THE LISTENING SURVEY1 – Strongly Agree 4 - Disagree 2 – Agree 5 – Strongly Disagree 3 – Undecided ____ I get physically and mentally ready to listen ____ I suspend judgment while someone speaks ____ I adjust listening goals to the situation ____ I know the benefits of giving a speaker my complete attention.
23 THE LISTENING SURVEYScores 4-8: You are a good listener!! Scores 20+: You are a poor listener. =( WE CAN FIX IT!!
24 LISTEN UP! Get physically and mentally ready to listen. - sit upright and lean forward slightly- stop moving- make eye contact2. Suspend judgment.- focus on the message, not on how youwould respond
25 LISTEN UP!3. Adjust your listening goals to the situation. - critical listening vs. casual listening 4. Identify the speaker’s message - how does the info apply to me? - how can I use the info in the future?
26 Understand and Remember THINK: What is understanding? What is remembering? What is active listening?
27 Understanding and Remembering Understanding – the ability to give meaning to what is heard Remembering – being able to retain and recall information that is heard Active Listening – behaviors that help you understand and remember information
28 Active Listening Identify the organization of the speech. - make an outline in your head- goal, main points, details2. Ask yourself questions.- helps identify key points- helps you determine if enough info was given
29 Active Listening3. Paraphrase Key Information paraphrase – restate in your own words - make it meaningful to you 4. Look for nonverbal cues. - helps you understand the real meaning 5. Take Notes.
30 Practice ListeningListen to the speaker. Try to not only hear what is being said, but to LISTEN TO IT. You may not take notes, but try to employ all the other tips we just discussed.