Presentation on theme: "The foot. Meters are premeasured patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. A foot is the individual building block of a meter. They are made up of."— Presentation transcript:
2 The foot.Meters are premeasured patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. A foot is the individual building block of a meter. They are made up of one stressed syllable, and usually, one or more unstressed syllables.
3 Types of feet Iamb: duh-DUH, as in collapse (2 syllables) Trochee: DUH-duh, as in pizza (2 syllables)Anapest: duh-duh-DUH, as in but of course! (3 syllables)Dactyl: DUH-duh-duh, as in honestly (3 syllables)
4 MetersWhenever a writer strings together a repetition of one of these feet (anapest, iamb, etc) in a line of poetry, we get different types of meters:1 foot = monometer2 feet = dimeter (repeated twice)3 feet = trimeter4 feet = tetrameter5 feet = pentameter6 feet = hexameterSyllables + How many times a set of syllables are repeated in a line of poetry
6 And leave | his bro | ken play | things on | the floor. Iambic PentameterOne foot consists of ten syllables.One unstressed syllable followed by a one stressed syllableIambic meter is also known as rising meter; it rises toward the stressed syllable.And leave | his bro | ken play | things on | the floor.x / x / x / x / x /And leave | his bro | ken play | things on | the floor.
7 Each night I’d like to see a starry sky With lots of pretty lights to please my eye Copy these two lines. Separate each iamb and mark each unstressed and unstressed syllable.Each night | I’d like | to see | a star | ry skyx / x / x / x / x / With lots | of pret | ty lights | to please | my eye
8 Trochaic meter The trochee One stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.DUH-duh = pizzaThe opposite of iambic pentameterWritten in a falling meter or away from the stressOnce up | on a | midnight | dreary, | while I | pondered,| weak and | weary. Mark each stressed syllable and each unstressed syllable.
9 Trochaic octameter, since there are 8 sections of two syllables. Once up | on a | midnight | dreary, | while I | pondered,| weak and | weary.Challenge: What would we call this line?Trochaic octameter, since there are 8 sections of two syllables.
10 oh he flies | through the air | with the great | est of ease The AnapestConsists of three syllables Two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable Like the iamb, rises toward the final stress Often produces a “sense” of rapid movementoh he flies | through the air | with the great | est of easeDivide each foot into syllables. Mark each syllable as stressed or unstressed according to the correct pattern.x x / x x / x x / x x /
11 The Dactyl Consists of three syllables Is the “reverse” of the anapest One stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllablesTypically used in light verse, but it has been used in serious poetry successfully.This is the | forest pri | meval. The | murmuring | pines and the | hemlocks
12 Scansion The analysis of the rhythm in a poem is called scansion. We identify the stressed and unstressed syllables in each lineDetermine the kind of poetic foot the line employs and the number of feet it contains or how many times the foot is repeated.