Presentation on theme: "Rhythm refers to the pattern of sounds in speech or writing, created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables. A poem may have rhymed or."— Presentation transcript:
1 Rhythm refers to the pattern of sounds in speech or writing, created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables. A poem may have rhymed or unrhymed lines; it may be composed in strict metrical form or in free verse; but it always has rhythm.
2 The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables is called meter The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables is called meter. Meter is measured by feet.A foot is a group of syllables usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or more unaccented syllables.Lines of poetry can be scanned- divided into feet- by indicating the stressed and unstressed syllables. – Scansion.
3 iambic, trochaic, anapestic, dactylic The arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables in a foot results in four basic meters:iambic, trochaic, anapestic, dactylicIamb – an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable ˘ ΄And all / should cry, / Beware! / Beware!His flash- / ing eyes, / his float- /ing hair!
4 Trochee – an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable ΄ ˘ Double, double toil and trouble;Fire burn and cauldron bubble.Anapest – two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable˘ ˘ ΄Like a child from the womb, like aghost from the tomb
5 Dactyl – one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables ΄ ˘ ˘Loosing his arms from her waist he flew upward, awaiting the sea beast.
6 Poetry varies not only in meter, but in the number of feet in a line Poetry varies not only in meter, but in the number of feet in a line. The following terms represent the number of feet in a line of poetry.1 foot - monometer2 feet - dimeter3 feet - trimeter4 feet - tetrameter5 feet - pentameter6 feet - hexameter
7 unstressed feet per line 7 feet - heptameter8 feet - octameterMost common – pentameter, tetrameter, and trimeter.ScansionsIambic pentameter - five unstressed/stressed feet per lineTrochaic tetrameter – four stressed/unstressed feet per line
8 Blank verse – unrhymed iambic pentameter Blank verse – unrhymed iambic pentameter. (Shakespeare wrote his plays in blank verse)
9 Rhyme – the repetition of sounds at the ends of words. End rhyme – rhyming words at the ends of lines.Internal rhyme – rhyming words within lines.Rhyme Scheme – a regular pattern of rhyming words at the end of a line in a poem. It is indicated by using lowercase letters. Each rhyme is assigned a different letter.The way a crow aShook down on me bThe dust of snow aFrom a hemlock tree b