Presentation on theme: "Tam Ka Ho(37) F.4D VS. Introduction Before the mid-19 th century, Hong Kong was just a small fishing village. However, it grew into a modern city steadily."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction Before the mid-19 th century, Hong Kong was just a small fishing village. However, it grew into a modern city steadily under the British administration from 1842 to 1997. During this long period, Hong Kong began to be influenced by both Chinese and Western cultures.
Aspect consists of both Chinese and Western cultures (1): Buildings Western Style It was built in 1842 Its predecessor is the Building of French Mission Association It shows the Ancient Greece’s elegancy and dignity Chinese Style It was built in 1970s You can eat any seafood cooked in Chinese style here It was decorated as an ancient Chinese palace. For example, emperor’s thrones are displayed for visitors to take photos The Court of Final Appeal Jumbo Boat Restaurant
Aspect consists of both Chinese and Western cultures (2): Drama and Movie Western Style It was a world famous movie shown in 1998 In Hong Kong, its booking office earned more than 10 million dollars at that time Its soundtrack My Heart Will Go On is still popular in Hong Kong nowadaysMy Heart Will Go On Chinese style It is a fantastic TV drama which talks about women’s struggle in ancient Chinese palace shown in 2004 More than 2 millions Hong Kong people had watched this TV drama Titanic War and Beauty
Aspect consists of both Chinese and Western cultures (3): Festivals Western Style It is a traditional Western festival which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ Most people will hold parties with friends and appreciate the neon lights on both sides of the Victoria Harbour Chinese style It is a day which Chinese thinks the moon is the roundest. All family members will gather and have a dinner of reunion Whole family will go out and take a look at the full moon after dinner Christmas Mid-Autumn Festival
Factors for meeting of Chinese and Western cultures(1): Historical factor The signing of Convention of Nanjing The content of Treaty of Beijing (Click to have an enlarged version) Year of signing treaties Main Content 1842 Convention of Nanjing: ceded Hong Kong Island to Britain 1859 Treaty of Beijing: ceded Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island to Britain 1898 The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory: the northern part of Kowloon peninsula up to Shenzhen River and other outlying islands in Hong Kong By these treaties, Britain got control of the whole of Hong Kong. Her rule here let Hong Kong people know more about Western ideas.
Factors for meeting of Chinese and Western cultures(2): Social factor Hong Kong Golf Club (established by British in 1898) Hong Kong Jockey Club-- former Hong Kong Royal Jockey Club (established by British in 1846) The Peninsula Hong Kong (established by the Westerners in 1928) After Britain took over Hong Kong, more Westerners came and settled down here. They set up several clubs and hotels for relaxing and accommodating. Local Chinese were then able to learn western recreations and eating style.
Factors for meeting of Chinese and Western cultures(3): Economic factor Low Tax Rates Hong Kong government has adopted a low tax rate since the mid-19 th century For this reason, many big foreign companies were attracted to set up branches in Hong Kong and traded with China. After the WWII, more Chinese were employed by these foreign companies. They became more familiar with the Western social affairs, e.g. dresses, eating, etc. Entrepot trade After the opening of Suez Canal in 1869, more western enterprises wanted to trade with China. But China’s foreign trade was still limited. Hong Kong, however, still maintained a good relationship with China. So foreign companies would prefer trading with China through Hong Kong, vice versa. In this way, Hong Kong people could have contact with both Chinese and Western goods. The view of Victoria Harbour in 1840s A big trading enterprise, Nam Pak Hong In 1920s (Click for an enlarged one)
Conclusion As we are able to maintain our tradition, Chinese culture, and accept Western culture, Hong Kong can grow from a small fishing village into a prosperous and cosmopolitan city. She deserves being hailed as the “Pearl of The Orient”.
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