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The Tools of Poetry 2: Figures of Speech English I Honors Mr. Popovich.

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1 The Tools of Poetry 2: Figures of Speech English I Honors Mr. Popovich

2 metaphor A figure of speech compares one thing to another, seemingly unlike thing. Three common figures of speech are simile personification Figures of Speech leaves twirled like dancers on the water the leaves were dancers twirling down the stream leaves danced on the water

3 Simile—comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, or than. The dew on the leaves glistened as brilliantly as loose diamonds on silk. That child’s eyes are warmer than the summer’s sandy beach. A lone oak tree stood in the front yard like an aged but dedicated sentry. Simile

4 Metaphors compare two unlike things without using the connective like, as, than, or resembles. Direct Metaphors say something is something else. Metaphor My soul is an enchanted boat from “Prometheus Unbound” by Percy Bysshe Shelley

5 Implied metaphors suggest a comparison between two things instead of stating it directly. These ideas spread their wings and soared freely. Even single words can contain implied metaphors. Tiger, tiger, burning bright In the forests of the night from “The Tiger” by William Blake Metaphor

6 Extended metaphors are developed over several lines or even stanzas of a literary work. All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. from As You Like It by William Shakespeare Metaphor

7 Personification is a figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing or abstract idea is talked about as if it were human. Personification Somewhere the wind-flowers fling their heads back, Stirred by an impetuous wind. from “Study” by D. H. Lawrence

8 Example: “O Captain, my Captain” —Walt Whitman Apostrophe is a direct address to an inanimate object, abstract quality, or person who is not there. Other Figures of Speech Hyperbole is an extreme exaggeration for effect. Example: “Catch a falling star” —John Donne Paradox is a statement that appears to be contradictory, but that on closer inspection may be true Example: “Men work together who work apart” —Robert Frost

9 Identify each of the following as an example of simile, metaphor, or personification. Desolate winds that beat the doors of Heaven from “A Cradle Song” by W. B. Yeats And all hours long, the town Roars like a beast in a cave from “Apprehension” by D. H. Lawrence The field of cornflower yellow is a scarf at the neck of the copper sunburned woman from “Autumn Movement” by Carl Sandburg Review Quick Check Personification Simile Metaphor

10 The End

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