Presentation on theme: "By: Reese Slone, Jacob Owens, Madison Linville, Nick Zimmerman, Anna Navarro."— Presentation transcript:
By: Reese Slone, Jacob Owens, Madison Linville, Nick Zimmerman, Anna Navarro
Abolition The movement to abolish slavery, became the most important of a series of reform movements.
American Colonization Society Main goal was the effort to resettle free blacks in Africa The Republic of Liberia, on the west coast of Africa was established for former slaves Its capital Monrovia was named after president Monroe Some fifteen thousand blacks were transported there over the next four decades
Nat Turner’s Rebellion Slaves rebel against the horrible conditions Led by a Virginian slave Nat Turner in Aug.1831 50 followers attack 4 plantations killing 60 people
Affects on the South White slave owners tighten restrictions on all African Americans Caused the argument that slavery is a benevolent institution Slave supporters used the bible to back up slavery They burn any abolition propaganda
Affects on the North Started the abolishment movement Caused women to become pro-abolition and made up most of the strength for the abolition movement The north over worked the African Americans and paid very little
Frederick Douglass Born a slave in 1817 in Maryland Escaped to the North on Sept. 3 rd, 1838 Became a preacher in 1839 Joined the abolitionist Met Garrison in 1841
Connection to Garrison Douglass read Garrison’s paper Garrison sponsored Frederick and his speeches
William Lloyd Garrison William Lloyd Garrison was a journalist/abolitionist. Born in Massachusetts in 1805. Best known for being the editor of “ The Liberator” an abolitionist newspaper. A founder of the American anti-slavery society. Promoted immediate emancipation.
Underground Railroad A series of safe houses and safe routes for slaves to escape. Harriet Tubman was a former slave and abolitionist. She escaped slavery through the underground railroad. She also made 19 trips to rescue and helped 300 fellow slaves escape.
Underground Railroad (Cont) Although over 2,000 slaves escaped slavery using the underground railroad, tens of thousands more escaped on their own.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe published her novel Uncle Toms Cabin criticizing the fugitive slave law. She was determined to awaken the north to the wickedness of slavery.
Fugitive slave act of 1850 Required any fugitive slaves to be returned to their owner It called for people who helped fugitive slaves to be fined $1,000 and jailed for six months Southern states were for it Northern states against it It led to more protest for the abolition movement.
John Brown’s Raid John Brown tries to create uprising in the south by attacking the Federal arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, VA. Hoped to start a larger slave uprising The slaves were ignorant of the strike John Brown captured and hanged The south already hated him because of his action Kansas The North viewed him as a martyr Brown and his men chopped up five slavery supporters