8 THE HISTORY OF THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT PRESENTATION
9 13th centuryParliament included elected representatives from urban and rural areas.
10 16th centuryThe power of English monarch increased. The Tudor dynasty ( ) established a system of government which strongly depended on the monarch. Parliament was split into two houses.
11 Parliament established its supremacy over the monarchy in Britain. 17th centuryParliament established its supremacy over the monarchy in Britain.
12 18th century18th century - the Scottish Parliament joined with the English and the Welsh Parliament.
13 19th century19th century - Britain controlled the biggest Empire in the world. The Empire was wade up of Ireland, Canada, Australia, India and large parts of Africa. Britain was the greatest economic power.
14 20th century20th century. Women struggled for their rights. In the Parliament the Labour party replaced the liberals. The Trade Union Congress was the most powerful political force outside the institutions of government.
15 System of Government Monarchy The Queen The Prime Minister Parliament The House of CommonsThe House of LordsMPs
18 MPsIt is short form for Members of Parliament who the House of Commons consists of. MPs are elected at a general election or at a by-election.
19 The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons and the Queen as its head. A new bill is introduced and debated in the House of Commons. Then a bill goes to the House of Lords to be debated. Finally the monarch signs it. Only then it becomes law. Parliamentary elections must be held every five years. People can vote at the age of 18.Parliament
20 GovernmentThe party which has majority of seats in the House of Commons is called the Government. The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs from hi or her party to become the Cabinet of Ministers. Each minister is responsible for a particular area of the government.
21 The Prime MinisterThe Prime Minister can decide on the exact date within five years between parliamentary elections. The party which wins the majority of seats at the elections forms the Government and its leader becomes Prime Minister.
22 The House of LordsIt has more than 1,000 members. Only about 250 take an active part in the work of the House. This House consists of those lords who sit by right of inheritance. Members of this Upper House are not elected.The chairman of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor.
23 It is made up of 651 elected members, known as MPs It is made up of 651 elected members, known as MPs. It is presided over by the Speaker, a member acceptable to the whole House.The House of Commons
26 MonarchyThe United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch ( a king or a queen) as its Head of State. The monarch reigns with the support of Parliament.
27 The QueenEverything today is done in the Queen’s name. It is her government,her armed forces, her law courts and so on. The Queen is very rich. The Government pays for her expenses as Head of the State, for a royal yacht, train, aircraft, and for the upkeep of several palaces. The Queen’s image appears on stamps, notes and coins.
28 Anthem God save our gracious Queen Long live our noble QueenGod save the Queen.Send her victorious,happy and glorious.Long to reign over us