7 Past Progressive: Usage focus is on duration of a past action NOT its completionoften used with a specific timeat 11p.m.last nightthis morning
8 Past Progressive: Examples Pauls was reading a book last night. (we don’t know if he finished it)He was reading his book at 11:30 p.m.At 7 o’clock this morning I was having my breakfast.
9 Past Progressive: Usage… for descriptionsJan looked beautiful.She was wearing a green dress.to express an continuous past activityWhen the phone rang, I was having a shower.to express an incomplete activityI was reading a book during the flight.
10 Past Progressive WITH Past Progressive to talk about two actions in progress at the same time in the past.use the past progressive in both clausesuse while for this type of sentence
11 Past Progressive WITH Past Progressive ExamplesWhile I was reading, my husband was preparing dinner. (two actions in progress at the same time)My husband was preparing dinner while I was reading.
12 Past Progressive WITH Simple Past to talk about an action that was interrupted by another actionuse the simple past for the interrupting actionuse when to introduce the simple pastuse while to introduce the past progressive
13 Past Progressive WITH Simple Past ExamplesI was exercising when he called. (the phone call interrupted my exercising)He was running when he fell. (what interrupted what?)While I was preparing for class, my dog made a mess on the carpet. (what interrupted what?)
14 Simple Past WITH Simple Past to show one action after another in the past.use time clauses likebeforeafterwhen
15 Simple Past WITH Simple Past Examples:Before he went to work, he stopped at Starbucks. (first he stopped at Starbucks then he went to work)After he played soccer, he went home. (first he played then he went home)When he walked into the house, he greeted his wife. (first he walked into the house then he greeted his wife)
16 Simple Past or Past Progressive? sometimes both tenses are possible depending on the meaningSimple Past focuses on past actions as complete factsPast Progressive focuses on the duration of past activities
17 Simple Past vs. Past Progressive Action in progress over a period of timeIn progress at an exact moment in the pastTwo simultaneous actionsContinuous action can be interrupted (action in past)Completed action at specified time in pastOrdered events with “before” and “after”Cause-effect with “when” or “after”Used for narrativeInterrupts a continuous action (in progressive)
18 Practice Complete the following sentences in the past: Before I came to school…After I went home yesterday…While I was driving this morning…When I ate dinner…At 10:00 this morning,…
19 Let’s take a second look… Disaster at Sea - FOG pgs. 31 – 21Analyze each verb form while reading this text for a second time.
20 Let’s Practice Some More… FOG pgs. 35 – 39Exercises 1 - 6