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SOL Review: US History Nixon/Ford/Carter.

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Presentation on theme: "SOL Review: US History Nixon/Ford/Carter."— Presentation transcript:

1 SOL Review: US History Nixon/Ford/Carter

2 The President involved in the Watergate scandal was
LBJ Nixon Ford Carter

3 The main significance of the Watergate affair was that it
led to the impeachment and conviction of President Richard Nixon showed that the laws of the United States are superior to the actions of a President was the first time a President had disagreed with Congress proved that Presidential powers are unlimited

4 Which principle was most weakened as a result of the Watergate controversy?
congressional immunity executive privilege judicial review States' Rights

5 won the office by running on a third-party ticket
The Presidency of Gerald Ford was different from all previous Presidencies because he was the first President who won the office by running on a third-party ticket resigned from the office of the President ran for office as a nonpartisan candidate was not elected to either the Presidency or the Vice-Presidency

6 What was a lasting effect of the Watergate scandal under President Richard Nixon?
The system of checks and balances was weakened. The scope of executive privilege was broadened. Trust in elected officials was undermined. Presidential responsiveness to public opinion was lessened.

7 The easing of Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1970s was called containment détente neutrality isolationism

8 Presidential veto power was expanded.
What was a major result of the Watergate controversy? Presidential veto power was expanded. The president resigned from office. Congressional power was reduced. The Supreme Court was weakened.

9 The main purpose of the War Powers Act of 1973 was to
expand the power of Congress to declare war limit the president’s ability to send troops into combat abroad allow people to vote on the issue of United States commitments overseas end the Vietnam War on favorable terms

10 President Richard Nixon’s visit to the People’s Republic of China in 1972 was significant because it
convinced the Chinese to abandon communism brought about the unification of Taiwan and Communist China reduced tensions between the United States and Communist China decreased United States dependence on Chinese exports

11 Which statement is most accurate about the economy of the United States during the 1970’s and early 1980’s? The increased cost of imported oil hurt economic growth. The Federal budget was balanced. Inflation declined sharply throughout these years . The number of jobs in farming increased while service jobs decreased.

12 The Camp David accords negotiated during President Jimmy Carter’s administration were an attempt to
decrease United States control of the Panama Canal encourage the use of solar and other nonpolluting energy sources end inflationary oil prices establish peace in the Middle East

13 — President Jimmy Carter Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977
“. . . Our decision about energy will test the character of the American people and the ability of the President and the Congress to govern. This difficult effort will be the ‘moral equivalent of war’— except that we will be uniting our efforts to build and not destroy ” — President Jimmy Carter Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977 President Carter put these ideas into practice by halting construction of nuclear power plants increasing imports of foreign oil urging the development of alternative fuel sources imposing a price freeze on all petroleum products

14 Which foreign policy agreement had the most direct influence on the Middle East?
Kellogg-Briand Pact Yalta Conference declaration SALT I Treaty Camp David Accords

15 Which statement most accurately describes the main idea of this 1975 cartoon?
The press should not publish materials that damage the reputation of public officials. The government is improperly hiding information from the public. Government should restrict the publication of sensitive materials. Libraries are making too many government reports open to the public.

16 Whose presidency was adversely affected by the Iran-Hostage Crisis?
Nixon Ford Carter Reagan

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