What is a Sentence? You may laugh, but even adults struggle with them. A sentence is a subject and a predicate working together to convey meaning. That is to say, every sentence contains something (a person, place, thing, or idea) and that thing must act in some way (even if the action is just being alive).
Subjects Nouns and pronouns that take verbs Example Robert asked for his late work. It was late when we got home. Lime green is my favorite color.
Predicates Actions (verbs) in the sentence Examples Jane cried. Marcus was talking. The rain ended the baseball game.
Did you know that “to be” is a verb? Present Tense I am You are He/She/It is We are They are Past Tense I was You were He/She/It was We were You were They were I have been, etc. I am being, etc.
Objects Nouns that do not take predicates (verbs). Examples He kicked the can. She threw the paper ball at Eric. Charity is important to humanity.
Complete Sentences Each needs a subject and a predicate. Imperative sentences do not need subjects. Subjects are on the left, predicates are right. Examples She runs. Stop. I am. Bob went to school, but Kyle stayed home.
Compound Subjects & Predicates Sentences can have more than one subject and/or predicate. Chris and I studied. Jane swept and vacuumed. She and I ate pizza and watched movies.
Longer Sentences Sentences may have more than one set of subjects and predicates. I went home and my mom yelled at me. She threw the ball at me but I dropped it. I had a headache until I took a nap.
Practice 1.Write each sentence. 2.Underline subjects. 3.Circle predicates. 4.Double-underline objects.