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Introduction to Photoshop (Graphical Image Editing/Creation Program)

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1 Introduction to Photoshop (Graphical Image Editing/Creation Program)

2 Adobe Photoshop is a softwares that will enable the students to use the various tools and effects available for photo editing and graphic design. Because of the growth of technology in this day and age, it is necessary to have the ability to work with digital media. This presentation is an introduction to the basics of Adobe Photoshop.

3 Where to Obtain Images Create original artwork in Photoshop Use images downloaded from the World Wide Web Use scanned images or images taken with a digital camera

4 Understanding Images An image is made up of dots called pixels In Photoshop, you can add, delete, or modify individual pixels or groups of pixels

5 Basic concepts Pixel –Specific location –Specific color Magnify an image to see pixels

6 Common tasks Resizing an image “Straightening” an image Cropping an image Adjusting brightness and contrast Adding layers

7 Resolution Number of PIXELS per square inch Monitors display 72 pixels/sq inch Printers are much higher –300 pixels/sq inch File size differences in 1X1 in –Web 5,184 pixels –Print 90,000 pixels

8 Color Monitors display light directly –Term RGB (Red Green Blue) –Different monitors may display colors differently Printing images –Term CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, blacK) –Colors will look different than on the screen

9 File Formats Use Photoshop to open and create different kinds of file formats

10 Creating a New File Click File on the menu bar Click New Enter the required width in the Width text box Enter the required height in the Height text box Click OK

11 Saving a File Options Use Save As to save a file under a new name and to preserve a copy of the original file Open a file in one file format (e.g.,.BMP) and save it in another file format (e.g.,.JPG)

12 Setting Preferences Use the Preferences dialog box to customize how files are opened in Photoshop Options include: –Using Open Recent to locate and open files recently worked on –Changing the Image Preview to thumbnails

13 Opening a File Use the File Browser to open a file: –Click the File Browser tab in the palette well –Navigate to the location of the file –Double-click the file to open it in Photoshop

14 Docked File Browser Palette Palette well File Browser tab

15 Examining the Photoshop Window The Workspace includes the following elements: –Work area –Command menu –Toolbox –Status bar –Palettes

16 Workspace Elements Work Area Toolbox Palettes Status Bar Command menu

17 Customizing the Workspace Customize the workspace by positioning elements to suit your working style To save a workspace: –Click Window on the menu bar, point to Workspace, click Save Workspace, type a name, then click Save

18 Using Tools Use tools in Photoshop to perform actions (e.g., zoom, type text, etc.) Point to a tool to view a ScreenTip that provides the name or function of the tool Check the tool options bar to view current settings for a selected tool

19 Using Tool Shortcut Keys Press and hold [Shift] Press the tool’s shortcut key (e.g., T for Type Tool) Continue to press [Shift] and the shortcut key to cycle through a tool’s hidden tools

20 Using Palettes Use palettes to verify settings and modify documents Each palette consists of multiple palettes Palettes can be separated and moved around the workspace Each palette contains a menu

21 Palette Example Click a tab to make a palette active Click to access the palette menu

22 History Palette The History palette contains a record of each task completed in a document The record of an event is called a state The History palette displays up to 20 states

23 History Undo –Takes you back one step Step Backward –Takes you back one step at a time History Palette (displays steps) –Open under WINDOW Revert –Back to the last saved version SAVE OFTEN WITH DIFFERENT NAMES!

24 Practice Using Tools Create a new document

25 Let’s get creative! Select foreground and background colors Choose the paint brush Now the eraser Try the pencil

26 Open Willie.jpg Image, Image size Pixel width 200 Bicubic Sharper SAVE as smw.jpg Open Willie.jpg Image, Image size Constrain proportions OFF Image, Image size Pixel width 200 (UNDO) Pixel height 200 (UNDO) Let’s open a file to be edited

27 Use Filters for Special Effects! Open Willie Select a Filter Example: Artistic, Dry Brush Save file with different name williedb

28 Curves Go to the Toolbar, click on Image → Adjustments → Curves Adjustments Brightness & Contrast Go to the Toolbar, click on Image → Adjustments → Brightness/Contrast The following tools are used to alter photos in order to bring out details and balance intensity. Rotations Go to the Toolbar, click on Image → Rotate Canvas

29 Cropping 1. Find the Crop Tool in the toolbox on the left- hand side of the screen. 2. Select desired area.3. Click on Crop Tool again to finalize. The Crop Tool is used to remove unwanted space or material.

30 Resizing There are two methods to resize photos. Resizing photos is a convenient way to make sure the photo is the correct size for a project. Method 1: Go to the Toolbar, click on Image → Image Size. Adjust width and height to desired measurements. This will resize the entire image. Method 2: Select desired layer, press Ctrl+T on keyboard. Hold down the Shift key to maintain proportions. This method will resize only the selected layer.

31 Layers Layers make it possible to add modifications that can be removed quickly and easily. They can be added individually or can be created from an existing part of the document. To insert a new layer: Go to the Toolbar, click on Layer → New → Layer. To make a layer from the existing document: choose selected area with the marquee tool, right click selected area and choose Layer via Cut/Copy. *To make a layer without deleting it, click the eye.

32 Layers Tool to enable complex compositions Allows “stacking” of image parts Layers may be added and deleted at will

33 Understanding Layers What are layers? –A section within an image that can be manipulated independently –Use layers to control individual elements in a document

34 Layers Palette The order in which the layers appear in the Layers palette matches the order in which they appear in the document

35 Layers Palette Currently active layer

36 Flattening Layers Save before flattening Save with new name after flattening Flattening is necessary for many techniques including some file types Select Layers, Flatten layers

37 Magic Wand The Magic Wand Tool is used to select all the colors in a certain range. By changing the tolerance, one can adjust the sensitivity between ranges. Step 1: Click on the Magic Wand Tool in the Toolbox. Step 2: Click the desired color area and experiment with the Tolerance level. *By increasing or reducing the Tolerance, one can select more or less of the selected color range, respectively.

38 Shapes Shapes can be used to create a decorative touch to a picture. Click on the Shape Tool in the Toolbox. Select preferred shape. Drag and drop on picture. Use Text Box to add text if wanted.

39 Clone Stamp Tool The Clone Stamp Tool is used to simultaneously copy portions of a photo onto a specific area. Click on the Clone Stamp Tool in the Toolbox. Alt+Click to select desired area. Click and hold to clone the selected portion.

40 Opacity Opacity changes the transparency of a photo. The Opacity scale is located on the lower right-hand toolbox.

41 “Flipping” an image Image, Rotate Canvas –90 or 180 –Flip Horizontal or Vertical Copy “Lovett” below –Image, rot. image, flip vert. UNDO

42 Change Canvas Size For composite images, change canvas size on one image, paste and position extra images in one at a time. Image, canvas size, double ht, set “anchor” as appropriate –Default is center –This example is upper left

43 More Tools for Selecting Image Parts (Delete or Copy) Marquee Tools Lasso Tools –Magnetic Lasso Magic Wand

44 More Editing Tricks –Brightness/Contrast –Variations –Sharpen an image

45 Sharpen an Image There are many options in Photoshop Try Filter, Sharpen, Smart Sharpen –100%, 0.2 pixels, Lens Blur Enlarge to view detail

46 Using Help Photoshop Help information appears in a browser window Five links are included in the Help window: –Using Help, Contents, Index, Site Map, Search

47 View and Print Documents Use the Zoom tool to change views—up to a maximum of 1600% Use the Page Setup dialog box to set printing options

48 Online Photoshop Resources

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