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When fresh they are known as Produce

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Presentation on theme: "When fresh they are known as Produce"— Presentation transcript:

1 When fresh they are known as Produce
Vegetables When fresh they are known as Produce

2 Classifications Vegetables are classified by which part of the plant is eaten

3 Seeds Edible part of plant that also will grow a new plant
Also known as legumes Sometimes comes from a pod Examples Beans Corn Peas

4 Flowers Edible flower portion of the plant Examples Broccoli
Cauliflower Artichoke

5 Fruits Contain seeds and comes from the fruit part of the plant
Examples Avocado Pumpkin Tomato Eggplant Squash Pepper

6 Leaves Edible part of the plant is the leaf Examples Cabbage Lettuce
Spinach Parsley Brussels Sprouts

7 Roots Hold the plant’s food supply and grow underground
Usually round or long in shape Examples Carrots Turnips Radishes Sweet potato

8 Bulbs Grow just below the surface Have layers or segments Examples
Onion Garlic Chives

9 Stems Edible part of the plant is the stalk Examples Asparagus Celery

10 Tubers Grows underground on the root of the plant Examples Ginger root

11 Sea Vegetables Grow in water with filtered sunlight
Not classified as a plant, but classified as an algae Commonly known as seaweeds

12 Buying Fresh Vegetables
Considerations: Ripeness Color and Texture Shape Size Condition

13 Unitized Large produce such as broccoli is held together with a rubber band or plastic tie

14 Storing Fresh Vegetables
Most vegetables should be refrigerated right away Try not to wash before refrigerating Certain vegetables do not need to be stored in the refrigerator Tubers: Potatoes Bulbs: Onions Roots

15 Washing Vegetables Wash all vegetables even if you are peeling them
Washing techniques depend on the vegetable Avoid peeling if skin is edible

16 Enzymatic Browning A chemical reaction that causes darkening of the flesh of a fruit or vegetable after exposure to oxygen in the air. It can be prevented by using ascorbic acid, which is vitamin C. Dip vegetables into lemon, grapefruit or orange juice to prevent browning.

17 How Does Cooking Affect…
Nutrients: some dissolve in water and others are destroyed by heat

18 How Does Cooking Affect…
Texture: The heat will soften vegetables and make then tender Overcooking will cause vegetables to become mushy

19 How Does Cooking Affect…
Color: If properly cooked they remain the same color Some green vegetables may begin to lose their color if over cooked

20 How Does Cooking Affect…
Flavor: Cooking releases flavor making vegetables taste more mellow and delicious

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