Presentation on theme: "You know that direct object pronouns"— Presentation transcript:
1 You know that direct object pronouns Direct object pronouns: me, te, nosYou know that direct object pronounsreplace direct object nouns. The directobject pronouns lo, la, los, and las can referto both objects and people. The pronounsme, te, nos, and os refer only to people. Hereare all the direct object pronouns:
3 Remember that in Spanish the subject and Direct object pronouns: me, te, nosRemember that in Spanish the subject andthe verb ending tell who does the action andthe direct object pronoun indicates whoreceives the action.¿Me ayudas, por favor?Can you help me please?
4 Direct object pronouns usually come right Direct object pronouns: me, te, nosDirect object pronouns usually come rightbefore the conjugated verb. When an infinitivefollows a conjugated verb, the direct objectpronoun can be placed before the first verb orattached to the infinitive.¡No te entiendo!Quieren llevarnos al centro.
5 Irregular affirmative tú commands Some verbs have irregular affirmativetú commands. To form many of thesecommands, take the yo form of the presenttense and drop the -go:
7 Irregular affirmative tú commands Hacer, ser, and ir have irregular tú commandforms that must be memorized.—¿Cómo se va a la carretera?—Sal de aquí y sigue derecho hasta el tercersemáforo.
8 Irregular affirmative tú commands If you use a direct object pronoun with anaffirmative command, attach the pronoun tothe command. When a pronoun is added to acommand of two or more syllables, a writtenaccent mark is needed over the stressedvowel.Josefina, ¡hazlo ahora mismo!Martín, ayúdame.
10 Present progressive: irregular forms Some verbs have irregular present participle forms.To form the present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs,the e in the infinitive form changes to i, and the o in theinfinitive form changes to u: decir: diciendo pedir: pidiendorepetir: repitiendo seguir: siguiendoservir: sirviendo vestir: vistiendodormir: durmiendo
11 Present progressive: irregular forms In the following -er verbs, the i of -iendo changes to y.creer: creyendoleer: leyendotraer: trayendo When you use object pronouns with the presentprogressive, you can put them before the conjugatedform of estar or attach them to the present participle.
12 Present progressive: irregular forms Notice that if a pronoun is attached to the presentparticiple, an accent mark is needed.Write the accentmark over the vowel that is normally stressed in thepresent participle.—¿Están Uds. esperando el autobús?—Sí, lo estamos esperando.o: Sí, estamos esperándolo.