2 DOP Direct objects receive the action of the verb in a sentence. They answer the question whom? and what? about the verbDirect object pronouns take the place of direct object nouns.
3 English Grammar Connection Basically, replacing a direct object noun with a direct object pronoun is a way of shorting a sentence.I have the passport.I have it.I am going to pack the suitcases.I am going to pack them.
4 DOP’s in Spanish Plural Singular nos us me me os you (inf.) los them, youlas them, youSingularme mete you (inf.)lo him, it, you (m)la her, it, you (f)
5 Whom or What? The pronouns me, te, nos, and os refer only to people. The pronouns lo, la, los and las can refer to both objects and people.
6 Whom or what?Remember that in Spanish the verb ending tell who does the action and the direct object pronoun indicates who receives the action.¿Me ayudas, por favor?Can you help me please?
7 PlacementDirect object pronouns usually come right before the conjugated verb.When an infinitive follows a conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun can be placed before the first verb or attached to the infinitive.
8 Placement Before the conjugated verb Attached to the infinitive Veo a la profesora. La veo.(I see the teacher. I see her.)Hector tiene el itinerario. Hector lo tiene.(Hector has the itinerary. Hector has it.)Tengo los pasaportes. Los tengo.(I have the passports. I have them.)Attached to the infinitiveNo voy a hacer la maleta hoy. No voy a hacerla hoy.