Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 INDEPENDENCE! Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 4 INDEPENDENCE! Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest The American Nation4/10/2017Chapter 4 INDEPENDENCE!Section 1: The Seeds of UnrestSection 2: The Shot Heard Round the WorldSection 3: Independence DeclaredSection 4: An American VictoryCHAPTER 4--INDEPENDENCE!
2 Objectives: Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest How did the British Crown respond to Pontiac’s Rebellion?Why did the British government pass the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act?How did the colonists respond to the Stamp Act?What events led to the Boston Massacre?
3 Crown response to Pontiac’s Rebellion Section 1: The Seeds of UnrestCrown response to Pontiac’s Rebellionissued the Proclamation of 1763, barring settlement west of the Appalachians and requiring traders to obtain permission before entering the territoryattempted to tax the colonists to recover the costs of fighting the rebellion
4 Sugar Act and Stamp Act Section 1: The Seeds of Unrest The Sugar Act and the Stamp Act were passed because the British government was deeply in debt from fighting the French and Indian War and Indian uprisings.
5 Colonial response to the Stamp Act Section 1: The Seeds of UnrestColonial response to the Stamp ActColonial assemblies met to protest taxation without representation.Colonial merchants signed nonimportation agreements.Some public demonstrations turned violent.
6 Events leading to the Boston Massacre Section 1: The Seeds of UnrestEvents leading to the Boston MassacreParliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767; writs of assistance used to enforce them.British government dissolved the Massachusetts assembly for its opposition.Protest escalated into boycotts and violence; British troops sent to Boston.British troops opened fire on crowd of protesters.
7 Objectives: Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World Why did the colonists in Massachusetts stage the Boston Tea Party?Why did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts?What events led to the battles at Lexington and Concord?What actions did the Second Continental Congress take?
8 The Boston Tea Party Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World The Tea Act of 1773 was passed to bail out the British East India Company; it gave the company privileges that no American merchants had.The Governor of Massachusetts refused colonists’ demands that three shiploads of tea be returned to Britain.
9 The Intolerable Acts Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the World passed to punish Boston and the rest of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Partydesigned to strengthen British control over all the colonies
10 Events leading to battles of Lexington and Concord Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the WorldEvents leading to battles of Lexington and ConcordColonial unity was strengthened by opposition to Intolerable Acts.First Continental Congress met; called for ban on trade with Britain.Gage was ordered to put down rebellion; moved to seize rebel military supplies.Paul Revere rode; armed colonists confronted British soldiers.
11 Second Continental Congress Section 2: The Shot Heard Round the WorldSecond Continental CongressContinental Army established; George Washington chosen to commandfought the Battle of Bostonsent the Olive Branch Petition to King Georgevoted to declare independence
12 Objectives: Section 3: Independence Declared How did the Declaration of Independence explain America’s break with Great Britain?How did Americans react to the Declaration of Independence?What major problems did the Continental Army face?What roles did different groups of people play in the war?
13 Declaration of Independence Section 3: Independence DeclaredDeclaration of Independencelisted King George III’s misdeedsestablished the doctrine of unalienable rightsdeclared that people have the right to abolish government that deprives them of unalienable rights
14 Reactions to Declaration The American Nation4/10/2017Section 3: Independence DeclaredReactions to DeclarationSome Patriots celebrated and even destroyed British icons.Loyalists opposed or ignored the Declaration; some fled.Some Patriots wanted women included in the government.CHAPTER 4--INDEPENDENCE!
15 Army problems Section 3: Independence Declared lack of important supplies, including food, clothing, and other necessitiesharsh weatherdiseaseshortage of enlistments
16 African Americans Section 3: Independence Declared Some fought for the British to gain freedom.Many former slaves fought for Patriots.
17 American Indians Section 3: Independence Declared Many supported the British, who promised to protect land rights.
18 Women Section 3: Independence Declared Some served as spies and messengers; a few as soldiers.Many accompanied troops to work as cooks, laundresses, and nurses.Others made war materials and kept colonial economy going.
19 Objectives: Section 4: An American Victory What was the importance of the Battles of Trenton and Saratoga?How did the Patriots defeat the British in the West and the South?What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?
20 Battle of Trenton Section 4: An American Victory first major offensive raised American morale
21 Battle of Saratoga Section 4: An American Victory The American Nation4/10/2017Section 4: An American VictoryBattle of Saratogaencouraged European countries to become U.S. alliesraised American moraleCHAPTER 4--INDEPENDENCE!
22 The West and the South Section 4: An American Victory Small detachments of troops gave Patriots speed and flexibility.Small-scale attacks allowed Patriots to attack more places.Guerrilla warfare tactics allowed Patriots to take advantage of local geography and to destabilize the British.
23 The Treaty of Paris Section 4: An American Victory granted the United States independencetransferred the land from the Atlantic coast west to the Mississippi, and from the Great Lakes south to Florida, to the Americansdeclared that the Americans should pay any debts owed to the British