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Subject (Personal) Pronouns

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1 Subject (Personal) Pronouns
Los Pronombres Personales

2 NTE TODO Subject pronouns
In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns. A subject pronoun replaces the name or title of a person or thing and acts as the subject of a verb. In both Spanish and English, subject pronouns are divided into three groups: first person, second person, and third person. Subject pronouns

3 Singular yo tú usted (Ud.) él ella FIRST PERSON I SECOND PERSON
you (familiar) usted (Ud.) you (formal) THIRD PERSON él he ella she

4 Subject pronouns Spanish has two subject pronouns that mean you (singular). Use tú when addressing a friend, a family member, or a child you know well. (first name basis) We call this friendly or informal. Use usted to address a person with whom you have a formal or more distant relationship, such as a superior at work, a professor, or an older person. (last name basis, usually with a title) We call this polite or formal.

5 Plural nosotros nosotras vosotros vosotras ustedes (Uds.) ellos ellas
FIRST PERSON nosotros we (masculine) nosotras we (feminine) SECOND PERSON vosotros you (masc., fam.) vosotras you (fem., fam) ustedes (Uds.) you (form.) THIRD PERSON ellos they (masc.) ellas they (fem.)

6 In English, we do not have a plural form of “you
In English, we do not have a plural form of “you.” That is why we hear some people try to create a plural form by saying: “you all,” “yous,” or “ yunzes.”

7 Subject pronouns The masculine plural forms nosotros, vosotros, and ellos refer to a group of males or to a group of males and females. (Very macho) The feminine plural forms nosotras, vosotras, and ellas can refer only to groups made up exclusively of females.

8 In Latin America and throughout a great deal of Spain, there is only one plural form of “you.” (ustedes/Uds.) In a small part of Spain, there are two plural forms of “you.” They use ustedes/Uds. to be polite and Vosotros/Vosotras when being friendly.

9 When expressing “you” plural (You all):
Ud. + Ud. = Uds. Ud. + tú = Uds. Tú+ tú = Vosotros (by some speakers) Tú + Tú = Uds. (by most speakers)

10 OJO: Although usted (Ud
OJO: Although usted (Ud.) refers to the second person singular and ustedes (Uds.) refers to the second person plural, they take the same verb conjugations as the third person singular and plural. Yo Nosotros (as) Tú Vosotros (as) Ud., Él, Ella Uds., Ellos, Ellas

11 Es un problema. Es una computadora.
There is no Spanish equivalent of the English subject pronoun it. Generally it is not expressed in Spanish. Instead, the third person singular form of a verb is used. Es un problema. Es una computadora. It’s a problem. = Is a problem. It’s a computer. = Is a computer..

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