Present Perfect Simple & Continuous

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Present Perfect Simple & Continuous
FORM USE PRACTICE

FORM + S+HAVE/HAS( for he,she,it)+PAST PARTICIPLE (3rd form of the irreg. Vb/ + ed for reg. Vb) - S+HAVEN’T/HASN’T+ PAST PARTICIPLE (3rd form of the irreg. Vb/ + ed for reg. Vb) ? HAVE/HAS+ S+ PAST PARTICIPLE (3rd form of the irreg. Vb/ + ed for reg. Vb) ? examples USE

? Have you found your wallet?
I have lost my wallet ! - I haven’t seen Mike. form ? Have you found your wallet? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. Use

USE USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already,just, yet, etc.

EXAMPLES I have seen that movie twenty times.
I think I have met him once before. There have been many earthquakes in California. Have you read the book ,yet? Nobody has ever climbed that mountain. A: Has there ever been a war in the United States? B: Yes, there has been a war in the United States. He has just phoned me.

USE 2: WITH SINCE AND FOR • SINCE shows the beginning of action
• FOR shows duration EXAMPLES I have studied since you left. I have studied for 2 hours. SINCE Past simple Pres.Perf.

USE 3: IN “HOW LONG” QUESTIONS
“How long have you studied?” “I have studied for 2 hours.” Press me for aTIP !

TIP ! THE TENSE IN THE QUESTION IS ALWAYS THE SAME TO THE TENSE IN THE ANSWER !!! So, whenever you are to answer a question, don’t think too much ! Just use the same tense in your answer.

USE 4: ACTION STARTED IN THE PAST, BUT STOPS NOW ( UP TO NOW)
I have studied up to now. ( now I don’t anymore ! ) I have studied for half an hour. ( now I don’t anymore ! ) I have studied since you left. ( now I don’t anymore ! )

ADVERB PLACEMENT Adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, just, already -are placed IN FRONT OF THE MAIN VERB. I have already visited London. Have you ever visited London? She has just left. “YET” is used only for interrogative and negative and it is placed at the end. He hasn’t left yet.

PRACTICE 1 Complete the sentences below with the correct tense:
I (never,see)……………….that film. Sam (just, arrive)…………………. He ( already, finish)………………his 2nd book. We ( miss)……………………the bus. They ( not called)………………….the doctor, yet. ( you, ever, eat)………………….Greek food? How long (you, miss)…………………….? I (sing)……………….for an hour. have never seen has just arrived has already finished have missed haven’t called Have you ever eaten have you missed have sung

PRACTICE 2 Put the following adverbs in the correct place:
Tom has missed the bus. (just) 2. I have bought a bottle of milk. ( already) 3. Have you played computer games? ( ever) Tom has just missed the bus. I have already bought a bottle of milk. Have you ever played computer games?

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
FORM + S+ HAVE/HAS+ BEEN+ VB. ING I have been studying for 2 hours. S + HAVEN’T/ HASN’T + BEEN+ VB ING I haven’t been singing for 10 minutes. ? HAVE/HAS+ S+ BEEN+ VB. ING ? Have you been waiting for the last 2 hours?

USE Action started in the past and may still continue.
I have been running since the competition started. ( I am still running as the competition hasn’t finished yet)

It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses:
Abstract Verbs to be, to want, to cost, to seem, to need, to care, to contain, to owe, to exist... Possession Verbs to possess, to own, to belong... Emotion Verbs to like, to love, to hate, to dislike, to fear, to envy, to mind... Use them in Present Perfect Simple instead

PRACTICE 3 Fill in the correct tenses:
We (wait)…………here for half an hour and nobody (take) ……………..our order yet. He probably thinks we (already, order)…………………. We (sit)……………here for so long staring at him! I don’t know if he ( even, notice)……………… He (run)………………from table to table. That’s true, and he ( not, look)…………….in our direction once! have been waiting has taken have already ordered have been sitting has even noticed has been running hasn’t looked

Your score NO MISTAKE, PERFECT SCORE !! SMASHING !!
1-2 MISTAKES: VERY WELL !!! 3-4 MISTAKES: WELL DONE !! 5 OR MORE MISTAKES Who am I? Press here to find…Slide 18 Press here to find… Slide 19 Who am I? Press here to find…Slide 20 Who am I? Press here to find…Slide 21 Who am I?

Congratulations, EINSTEIN !!!
Your homework: make a project on Einstein’s life and work. Congratulations, EINSTEIN !!!

Congratulations, young Mozart !!
Your homework: make a project on Mozart’s life and work. Congratulations, young Mozart !!

Congratulations, Batman/ Catwoman !!
Your homework:make a project on one of the two film characters. OR Congratulations, Batman/ Catwoman !!

At least you have relaxed !!!
Your homework:all previous assignments ! At least you have relaxed !!!